Many marijuana growers are drawn to cloning due to the healthy yield and effective crops that it can give. You should know that cloning feminized seeds is a common practice if you think that it’s a complicated process.
If you haven’t tried it yet, you would only need to be familiar with the nature of feminized seeds and cloning procedures. They’re essential for the right supervision and nourishment needed by the plant.
About Feminized Seeds
Feminized seeds are the ones that are capable of producing only female plants as they have male parts. They’re used for the production of Cannabis seeds.
Plants from feminized seeds have the unique capability of bringing forth flowering buds. Since there’s no presence of male plants, it is 101% guaranteed that buds will develop rather than seeds.
When cloning is done with feminized seeds, it is the same process when you pick the right strains for breeding. It would help you to have a high chance of a successful result.
Separating male plants from female ones is not a piece of cake. So feminized seeds save you from the complication as you would only have female plants. It can save you more space in your garden too. It can also make you save money as there’s no waste if there are no male plants that you need to discard.
You won’t worry about possible pollination as there’s no male plant that would make it happen. If pollination happens, it will affect the growing efficiency of the plants as well as the bud production that every grower desires.
Methods of Getting Feminized Seeds
1. Rodelization or Stress
There are several means to stress your Cannabis plants. You can alter the temperature, photoperiod, nutrition, and pH. Some practitioners of this method prefer to delay the harvest for 2 to 3 weeks. It will stress the plants and limit them to create male plants.
It may produce less pollen, but it’s the most natural method of getting feminized seeds. It’s free from any chemical. The breeder has the choice to get only a few seeds. It’s the only method that can bring out plants that bear hermaphroditic characteristics.
2. Silver Thiosulfate Solution (STS)
Seed banks and producers usually use this method for gaining feminized seeds. It’s a mixture of distilled water, silver nitrate, and sodium thiosulphate. You can easily make it as you only need them to sit in a dark area for a few days.
After spraying this mixture to female plants, the ethylene action takes place once flowering is induced. It’s advisable not to consume the part that was sprayed by this mixture. You better get rid of them once you obtain the pollen.
3. Colloidal Spray
A solution with distilled water and 30 ppm colloidal silver can revert the gender of the plant. It must be used for a few days until male flowers appear. But a single application brings out results in most cases.
4. Gibberellic Acid
The plant hormones called gibberellins can regulate the growing and development processes of a plant. The most common type is GA3 or gibberellic acid, and it is also the most effective.
The usage of this acid is the same as the colloidal spray but expect a lot of stretching. So don’t be surprised that the part that you sprayed has significant growth.
Steps in Cloning Feminized Seeds
1. Selection of the Original Plant
You are cloning seeds, although common is hard work. You must choose the right candidate for the mother plant.
Begin by observing the health and growth patterns of your Cannabis plants. It will help you figure out to pick the right candidate for cloning so it can lay the foundation for cloned seeds.
The chosen plant must be with the best quality, so the cloned plant will also be in the same state. You have to make sure that you’re working in a sterile environment, and no plants have been fertilized before starting the cloning process.
2. Cutting the Plant’s Stem
Make a 45-degree angle when you cut the main stem and do it as close as possible. You have to be mindful of not harming the roots.
When you’ve taken the sample, you should put it in the water to stop the formation of bubbles. You might need to remove unnecessary leaves from it.
3. Applying Cloning Technique
You have to choose the cloning technique. The common ones are the Rockwool Method, Potting Soil Method, and Water Method. Each of them can give you different benefits and some downside.
You can settle for any method as long as you can bring good outcomes for your clone plants. You should do things for its survival and flourishing.
Common Cloning Techniques
Rockwool has a naturally high level of pH, so there’s a need to soak the cubes in neutral water overnight to lower the pH level. Your cutting should be dipped into a rooting hormone for about 15 to 30 seconds.
When you’re using the powdered growing hormone, wet the cutting’s end before dipping. The cutting doesn’t need to be covered with the growth hormone.
After adding a growth hormone, you can place the cutting into the rockwool and make sure that the end gets into the cube well. The environment should be moist, so you have to mist it every day.
The clone needs normal daylight. If it’s not possible, you can add T5 tubes or CFLs. HPs can be too intense.
Potting Soil Method
It’s a traditional cloning method that is easy and effective at the same time. You need to make the soil saturated enough. Dip the cutting into the growth hormone for 15 to 30 seconds; then, you can put it directly into the soil.
You can use a plastic bottle for this method and fill it with 3/4 distilled water. The temperature of the water should be room temperature, so you can prepare it 15 to 20 minutes before you get started.
The pH level should be from 5.5 to 6.0. Cover the bottle with a plastic or cling-wrap. Make a hole that is smaller than the plant’s stem to keep it tight when you let it stand in the bottle.
You should let the 5-cm end of the cutting touch the water. It needs low lights or just indirect sunlight.
4. Time for Transplanting
Clones should be able to develop well in their new environment. Since the cloned plants have enough time to develop, you can transplant them to a place where you intend them to grow.
Taking Care of Cloned Plants from Feminized Seeds
After transplanting, continue to give your plants tender love and care. You should know that they need to be managed in a different way on how you handled normal plants. Cloned plants have been through different growing procedures compared to the mother plant.
For example, the growing lights should be farther to the cloned plants. You should also consider the strength of the lighting system. They are more sensitive to light exposure as they can become dehydrated or wilted.
Cloning feminized seeds will let you preserve the convenience it gives to the grower. First and foremost, it won’t give you a hard time of dealing with female plants and eliminating the unwanted pollination.
This process would also make you not waste any plant-like when you get rid of male plants when using regular seeds. Most of all, it assures you the chance to nurture the bud production from cloned plants.