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How to Trim Weed: A Complete Guide

One of the fundamental responsibilities of cultivating cannabis is how to properly trim and maintain its growth. You, as a grower, spends months in monitoring and maintaining for it to properly flower. Consider this as one of the responsibilities of growers they least like. Why? Trimming or manicuring your weed is not as easy as it seems but be grateful for this article for we have found ways on finding it rather enjoyable and adequate.

Why is it Essential to Trim your Weed?

The growth of weed is not as pretty as the way we see them in magazines and articles online. A well-manicured weed is indeed a good weed. When buds are left untrimmed, it does not look pleasant in the eye especially if you own a big dispensary. This way, it becomes appealing to people. It is not just for the sake of sales but to also avoid unnecessary growth within your buds.

Manicuring your weed improves your smoking experience. If the leaves are left untrimmed, there is a high probability that it will increase the harshness making it more difficult to smoke. To give you a better smoking experience, excessive leaves are removed improving the hit of the smoke through your throat.

In addition to this, manicuring your weed leaves you with potent buds. The excessive leaves growing within your buds are low in tetrahydrocannabinol levels. Incorporating these leaves to your bud will leave you getting less THC level for every gram you sell.

Studying the anatomy of a marijuana plant, the sugar leaves are best removed considering that it contains few trichomes in comparison to the nuggets. Manicuring your plant is a big help in exposing the part containing most of the trichomes.

An option we can provide if you do not want to waste the trimmed leaves, you can process and extract the cannabinoid content separately then incorporate it after. Tho, it would be best if you trim it well to produce premium quality cannabis buds.

What are the Techniques for an Efficient Trimming Process?

To make your cannabis cultivating life easier, we will be enumerating techniques that will provide efficiency during the trimming process. This would be suggested especially for the inexperienced growers who are trying to discover other ways on how they can make their growing experience progressive.

Reviewing these two, which is more suggested? It actually depends on your capability and environmental setting. Identify these and decide which trimming method will suit your situation. Whichever of the two you would prefer to use, you have to take into consideration your growing and manicuring capability as well as the environmental factors at risk. Both have advantages and disadvantages, but you have to proceed with the manicuring technique that works efficiently for you.

1. Dry Trimming Technique

Dry trimming technique is leaving your buds to dry in about four up to ten days. This way, the leaves have already curled and crisp making it easier to trim. This is preferred by growers living in dry environments since you just have to leave it and let it dry on its own plus it has its own benefits too.

There is no rush with the dry trimming technique since you will have to leave your buds to dry at a specified amount of time. It does not require much manpower too since there is an option to manicure it by machine.

If you have your own trimming machine, that would be your biggest advantage considering that it would not consume much effort and less stress.

Steps on How to Dry Trim Your Cannabis Plant

  1. Before drying your harvest, you have to remove the fan leaves first leaving the buds and sugar leaves. This way, the leaves that contain less to no trichomes would not be incorporated into your buds.
  2. During the drying or curing time, make sure that you do not stress your buds. Give it the time it requires for it to fully dry for it to give you a soothing smoking experience.
  3. Once it has totally dried up, this is when the manicuring process begins. Start the trimming from the dried branches from the buds. Cut the branches depending on how long would you want it to be. This method is also known as bucking down. Prepare a brown bag where you will be placing the amount trimmed in a day.
  4. Next step is filling your tray. Just place a handful on a tray not filling all the space to keep it organized. As the buds were trimmed based on your desired size, as much as possible, do not expose the stem. Since it is dried up, it tends to be more brittle that is why you have to make sure that you carefully trim the stem.
  5. After trimming the stem, the removal of the crow’s feet is next. The crow’s feet is similar to the appearance of a pitchfork.
  6. The final step is to just remove excessive plant matter produced during the manicuring. Keep your scissors sharp and clean to avoid the removal of the larger sections of the nuggets for it will result in the alleviation of your yield.
PROS CONS
It will give you a soothing smoking experience considering that the drying process withdraws the chlorophyll which makes the naturally bitter taste lessened. It does not require much effort and manpower since dry trimming can work on machines and there is no time to target. Its harvested flowers evenly dry in a week or two when properly hung. It is not efficient since it requires an average of one to two weeks for the drying process. It is difficult to manicure since the fan leaves and sugar leaves are curled up to its buds. Chances of development of mold are high especially on the part between the stalk and the flower. It requires a controlled environment to be processed.

2. Wet Trimming Technique

The process of wet trimming is when you do not leave the cannabis flowers to dry. You manicure the cannabis plant right away. The removal of the sugar and fan leaves are done right after harvest. This is considered by cannabis growers as the easiest way of trimming your cannabis plant since you no longer have to wait for a span of time designated for the drying process.

The wet trimming technique is time pressured. When you leave your buds right after harvest, there is a high probability that your buds’ growth will be affected. The good thing about it is that there is no additional process to do, you just have to trim it right after harvest.

Wet trimming is preferred taking into consideration the efficiency it provides. Cannabis growers believe that it would be best to trim the excessive leaves while it is still soft and moist.

Steps on How to Wet Trim Your Cannabis Plant

  1. Begin the method by harvesting your cannabis as soon as it flowers. Make sure that you leave the buds with its primary branches for it to be efficiently hung before undergoing the process of curing.
  2. Next, turn the plant upside down leaving the primary branches on the upper part to hang. This way, you will have easy access you get to clearly see and access the stems of the fan leaves.
  3. With the use of your trimming scissors, begin the manicuring by removing the fan leaves first since it contains less to no amount of resin. (If you want to recycle these, you can save it for later and use it as compost or just grind and smoke it as cigars)
  4. On a clean tray, scatter the buds and remove the smaller leaves or the sugar leaves. Be careful especially when trimming the stem. Work with sharp and clean trimming tools to come up with the desired finish.
  5. After you already have achieved spade-shaped buds, hang them again in a cool and dry area where the humidity is controlled in more or less 50%.
PROS CONS
It is an efficient method which does not require much time and effort. It is easier to trim considering that the flowers are still wet and moist making it easier to hold. Its buds are aesthetically pleasing. It does not consume much space since it would not undergo the drying process. There is a probability that the harvested cannabis flowers are not that aromatic or flavorful. The effort or man-power should be doubled since wet trimming is best while it is fresh from harvest. The development of molds is unavoidable because of excessive moisture.

What are the Tools Suggested for Trimming?

After the time invested in cultivating cannabis, the trimming process is yet another experience you would not want to miss. You do not just have to invest patience and determination in coming up with your desired buds but as well as money, time and energy. We all know that growing cannabis can be sensitive at times not just at the environmental settings but the interaction of grower to its plant.

Your best friends during the trimming processes are your tools which ought to be well-maintained too from its sharpness and its cleanliness. Whether you prefer to trim it by a tool or by machine, considering your personal preferences, use the trimming equipment that will make the manicuring process efficient and worth the while.

To come up with the best spade shaped bud, what are your best tools?

Hand-held Trimming

These are the different trimming equipment needed if you prefer to trim by hand.

1. Trimming Scissors

Your trimming scissors will do the trick and magic throughout the process of manicuring. The equipment responsible for cutting excessive leaves and unnecessary stalks. As a cultivator and trimmer, make sure that you do not use trimming scissors in removing thick branches because it does not just make it blunt but there is perfect equipment for trimming the primary branches.

2. Curved Blade Trimming Scissors

A type of trimming equipment with a long and curved blade which is composed of stainless steel responsible for trimming spots which are a bit difficult to reach. It would be best if you will be purchasing the one with a rubber handle to avoid sliding off and ruining your trimming process.

3. Small Scissors

The small scissors are similar to the appearance of sewing scissors. Its sharpness is perfect for the shaping of your buds removing excessive small leaves which are not suggested for other trimming scissors because of the size of the blade.

5. Pruning Shears

The pruning shears are somehow similar to the appearance of the curved blade trimming scissors. The blade of the pruning shears is curved too designated to cut big and thick stalks and stems. You use it to cut your stems based on your desired length before you start trimming.

6. Big Scissors

The big scissors are best in removing the fan leaves as well as the rough remains on the buds. This is for starting and for finishing your spade shaped buds.

Machine Operated Trimming

These are the three of the suggested machines for machine operated trimming.

1. TrimPro Rotor Red

A machine trimming equipment which is suggested for people who will be trimming large quantities of buds. It is best for professional growers who are time pressured when it comes to the trimming process. The good thing about it is that it is not messy to use because it has a plexiglass hood which keeps the debris within the machine.

2. iPower GLTRIMBOWL16M16-Inch Leaf Bowl Trimmer

If you are just going to trim a small number of buds, this is the machine trimmer that we suggest. The Leaf Bowl Trimmer’s speed can be adjusted depending on your personal preference. You do not have to worry about the blades being blunt. The sharpness of the blade of the Leaf Bowl Trimmer is equal to up to 30 pairs of scissors incorporated.

3. TRIM-DADDY Scissor Trimmer

A scissor powered by electricity that gives you the control over the amount you want to cut off knowing that for some scissors which are not electric, you tend to accidentally remove leaves which are essential to the plant.

How to Use CO2 for Marijuana Grow Room to Increase Yields

Carbon dioxide or CO2 is an important gas for every plant to perform its photosynthesis. Plants utilize CO2 to turn sugar into energy, which they need for growth development and bud production. Some breeders found a way to take advantage of utilizing CO2 to improve the yields of their cannabis crops.

What are the benefits of introducing more CO2 gas to your cannabis plants? We answer this question as well as show you how to expose your plants to more CO2.

Basics of CO2 and Cannabis Plants

It is common knowledge that plants need CO2 as most living things need oxygen to live. What you may not know is how plants breathe CO2. Your cannabis plants have stomata that act as the outer part of your respiratory organs. Plants absorb the CO2 from the air through numerous stomata around its structure. They take out the carbon from the CO2 to form the sugar molecules. With sunlight and oxygen, plants turn these sugar molecules into energy.

What is interesting to note is how plants can produce more energy when there are plenty of CO2 in the air and are under constant exposure to light. The large amounts of energy a plant produces results in rapid growth of its structure during the vegetative phase. In the flowering stage, cannabis plants can utilize excessive amounts of energy to produce larger yields.

In addition, large amounts of CO2 provide other benefits to your cannabis plants. This includes added resistance against high temperatures coming from the light. Plants can deal with stress caused by intense light if it has access to more CO2.

Source of CO2

In order to get large amounts of CO2, you will need to use compressed CO2 tanks or CO2 generators. It is important to that the two sources of CO2 works differently from each other. As the name suggests, compressed CO2 tanks are gas containers. CO2 tanks vary in sizes and are available in small canisters. In addition, the tanks do not produce heat as CO2 generators. This makes them versatile for small indoor grow rooms, including grow cabinets.

CO2 generators for garden usage are burner equipment that is similar to heaters. This type of equipment produces CO2 by burning combustible gases such as propane. Some equipment has an automatic function that turns off the flames when the grow room has a specific amount of CO2. It is important to note that the heat coming from the generators can be risky for small indoor gardens. This is why CO2 generators are suitable in large indoor gardens. It is easy to manage the temperature of large grows spaces than small ones with the right setup.

In regards to the heat that CO2 generators bring, it is a good idea to use them during the winter period. This should not be a problem since indoor cultivation is not bound by the Canadian season. The drop in temperature outside of your home will keep the heat down to a manageable level for your plants.

To boost the growth development and bud production of your plants, you will need to introduce about 1200-1500 parts per million (PPM) in your enclosed grow room. You also need to maintain this level of CO2 within the grow room to see positive results among your cannabis plants. For reference, the average amount of CO2 outdoors is 250-350 PPM.

You might come across CO2 supplement kits in the market. These products claim to add large amounts of CO2 within any garden and are often treated as gardener supplements. While the claims are indeed true in regards to their CO2 production, the amount of gas these kits can generate is insignificantly lower than the minimum of 1200 PPM that we are looking for.

Light Fixture Requirements for a CO2 Setup

Remember, cannabis plants can only make use of the large amounts of CO2 within their surrounding if they are under an intense light source. Plants need to be under around 7,500 to 10,000 lumens per square foot to benefit from the 1,200 to 1,500 PPM of carbon dioxide in the growing space.

With the lumen requirement in mind, fluorescent bulbs are not sufficient for your CO2 setup. You will need to utilize HPS grow lights or LED lamps to get the lumen output you want.

High-pressure sodium (HPS) fixtures are high-intensity discharge (HID) lamp that creates its light by lighting that gas within the bulb. This results in lighting that has a red to orange tint, which is beneficial to cannabis plants during the flowering phase. In addition, HPS bulbs have a long lifespan than other light fixtures.

However, HPS fixtures can be challenging to use in grow rooms due to the heat they produce. If you plan on using this type of fixture, the lamp must be at least five feet away from your plants to avoid overheating them. You may need to find a way to manage the heat within your grow room that has an HPS fixture and a CO2 generator. This includes installing a ventilation system that can efficiently move hot air out of the grow room and draw in cool air. Overall, HPS fixtures are suitable for large grow rooms that provide a safe distance between the plant and bulb.

HPS lamps are available in a wide range of wattage. The key to getting the most lumens out of a single bulb comes from knowing the effective range of an HPS bulb. For example, 600W HPS lamps can light plants within 3’ x 3’ square foot of space while 1000W lamps can cover 4’ x 4’ square foot of space.

Another lighting fixture to use for your CO2 setup are LED lamps. LED fixtures emit light with a balanced spectrum that is beneficial for your plants. This includes improving its photosynthesis function or the conversion of sugar into energy. The main advantage of LED fixtures is its low heat production while the lamps are running. This makes the grow light safe to use in small grow rooms or cabinets.

The main issue with LED lamp is its initial cost. Light fixtures that are usable to grow rooms cost more than HPS fixtures. In addition, LED lamps are not suitable in areas with high temperatures because the heat can lessen the lifespan of the bulbs. Even if the lamps are functioning, intense heat can degrade the quality of the light coming from the fixture.

How to Use CO2 in Your Garden

A good CO2 setup must maintain the gas levels within 1,200 to 1,500 PPM range. One way of achieving this is to seal the air within your grow room or cabinet. This will prevent the CO2 from escaping the room and allow the gas to build up for the plants to use.

In the case of walk-in grow rooms, secure the windows with sealants along the seams and cover it with white drapes or plywood. You will also want to use a tight-fitting heavy-duty door to keep the leak down to a minimum. Another way of sealing the room within the point of entry is to use a zipper door with a lightproof material. When installed on the doorframe, zipper doors have barely any small opening for gas to escape.

The optimal temperature range of your sealed grow room should be around 29°C to 35°C or 85°F to 95°F. Most cannabis plants thrive with this amount of heat within their surroundings. However, certain strains might not handle this temperature range. It is important to be on a lookout for signs of overheating or heat stress among your plants to determine if you need to bring down the temperature.

Handling the temperature of HPS lamps can be a challenge if you are circulating the air within the room and not allowing most of the hot air to leave the area. A good way to address this problem is with cool tube hood reflector. This reflector lets you build a separate duct system for the HPS bulb. This allows the grow lamp to exchange cool and hot air without affecting the CO2 level within the room. With the heat kept inside a sealed chamber, plants are less at risk of overheating. In addition to sealing heat in, cool tubes reflector can spread the light from the lamp efficiently.

Another similar reflector is air-cooled hoods that function nearly the same as cool tubes. Air-cooled hoods also have a glass or heavy-duty plastic barrier to keep the heat within the small space of the reflector. They can also connect to a separate duct system to exchange hot air for cold air in order to maintain the temperature of HPS lamps. What makes the hoods different from cool tubes is its wide reflective surface. This results in the light efficiently shining down on the plants.

It is interesting to know that CO2 is dense than air and will have no problem flowing down on the room. You can make the most out of the weight of the gas by distributing it with a fan on the floor of your grow room. Position the fan to blow air towards your plants

The Effectiveness of CO2 Throughout a Cannabis Plant Lifecycle

The additional energy production of the plants is beneficial during the vegetative stage. Plants utilize the energy to keep growing bigger as well as forming new branches and leaves. Continuous exposure to high levels of CO2 is beneficial throughout the vegetative period of the plants.

The flowering period is a different story as attested by many breeders that use a CO2 setup in their garden. Cannabis plants can use large amounts of carbon dioxide to grow larger buds. However, this is only evident during the first part of the flowering period. After around three weeks, plants barely show any sign of improving its buds with vast amounts of CO2 present within the environment. With this fact in mind, it is a good idea to stop introducing CO2 in the grow after the third week of your plant’s flowering period.

Safety Tips in Using CO2

Always keep in mind that CO2 is lethal when people inhale a large amount of it for a long time. While the 1,500 to 2,000 PPM range is not quite as deadly, being in a room with this amount of CO2 can lead to light-headedness or nausea. In certain cases, the grow room might have more than 2,000 PPM of the gas that leads to serious medical concerns.

Install a control-monitoring device to your CO2 setup. The device will activate the CO2 generator or tank to achieve the desired PPM range. This is essential since it is not viable to determine how many hours are needed to generate the right amount of carbon dioxide within the room. In worse cases, you might reach dangerously high CO2 levels.

When working with CO2 it is a good idea to have a CO2 meter or measuring device available. This will tell you if the amount of gas in the room is well within the safest range possible. It is also a good idea to install a couple of CO2 detectors within the vicinity of your grow room. The detectors will alert you of leaks coming out of your garden and entering the enclosed space of your home.

If you need to work inside the sealed room of your grow room, do so in short increments of up to five to 10 minutes only. Should you feel lightheaded, quickly exit the room. Consider turning off the CO2 tank or generator and allow the gas to exit out of the room if you need to be inside for an hour or longer.

When buying a CO2 generator, always pick one that has a safety feature when knocked over. This feature turns off the fire automatically if the appliance tilts to one side. Consider bumping a CO2 generator upon receiving it to determine if the safety feature is working or not.

Remember to turn off CO2 generators or tanks when turning off the lights for the plants. Plants cannot take in carbon dioxide with the absence of any light and will breathe in oxygen instead. Shutting off the source of the CO2 will save you money on unused gases as well as prevent excessive amount to build up within the room. 

You can now see how exposing your plants to large amounts of CO2 is beneficial throughout their growth cycle. Remember that the source of the CO2 and the light fixtures within the grow room are key to the efficiency of your CO2 setup. As with handling large amounts of carbon dioxide, always keep your safety in mind when tending to your garden. This includes installing a control-monitoring device to keep the CO2 from reaching dangerous levels.

Hydroponic Systems for Weed

The rise of cannabis use all over the world has led to an increase in marijuana plant cultivation among private individuals in their own homes or properties. This means that more and more people are now growing their own cannabis from seed to plant either for their own personal consumption or for the purpose of making a profit out of it.

But, because of this rise in cannabis cultivation, more players have now entered the market to compete for a share in the increasing demand for cannabis. That said, you need to be able to distinguish yourself if you want to be stand out. One of the best ways of doing so is to make sure you produce the highest quality products in the most efficient way possible.

There are plenty of ways of growing cannabis. That is one of the reasons why it is even called “weed” in the first place. Marijuana basically finds a way to grow in all sorts of environments and conditions similar to the common weed you see in your garden. And that adds to the reasons why there are several ways to cultivate these types of plants.

Among the ways you can cultivate cannabis, one of the best is using a hydroponics system.

What is Hydroponics?

Basically, hydroponics is the way of growing plants without the use of soil. Instead of growing them in the soil, they are placed in a mineral and nutrient-rich water solution. This makes it possible for the roots to immediately come into contact with the nutrients inside the water solution instead of having the plants use more energy to absorb the nutrients from the soil.

Growing plants in water have been in practice for quite a very long time. It can even trace its roots back in the 1600s when renowned scientist and statesman Francis Bacon wrote about it in one of his books. Then, in the late 1800s, soilless cultivation became a practice among botanists, who grew terrestrial plants in mineral-rich solutions.

In the 1920s, a researcher from the University of California Berkeley was one of the first persons to apply the modern hydroponics we use today. He was able to grow tomato vines larger than usual by using a mineral-rich water solution rather than soil. In 1937, he introduced the technique as hydroponics. The word is derived from Latin and means “water working”.

Since then, hydroponics has become a widely accepted way of growing plants. It then increased in popularity after NASA conducted extensive research on hydroponics. This method has also been used for different sorts of plants and crops. And yes, you guessed it, it is commonly used for cannabis cultivation as well.

Popular Hydroponics Techniques

1. Static Solution Culture

In this type of hydroponics, the cannabis plants are grown in containers with a nutrient-rich solution. The containers can be anything such as jars or even buckets. However, not all of the roots are submerged inside the solution. Instead, some of the roots remain above so that the plant can get enough air.

The solution does not stay forever. It is usually changed depending on a fixed schedule or depending on the number of nutrients left in the solution. When the nutrients fall below the desired level, they usually add more nutrients in. In some cases, the entire solution is replaced.

2. Aeroponics

Aeroponics is one of the more popular types of hydroponic growing techniques in the cannabis community. In this method, the plants are suspended and grown without the soil so that their roots are exposed to the air. They are then sprayed with a nutrient-rich mist that makes sure they get enough nutrients to grow into healthy mature cannabis plants.

The advantage of using aeroponics is that the roots are directly exposed to the nutrients by spraying the mist on them. They also get a lot of the air they need to grow properly because water can only hold in so much air. And the best part is that it prevents plants from getting waterlogged.

3. Continuous Flow

As the name implies, a continuous flow system constantly provides a supply of nutrient-rich water solution to the cannabis plants. This works by placing the plants in a tank or container that is continuously pumped with the solution from a reservoir. And, to make sure that the solution does not stay in the tank too long, it gets drained back into the reservoir where it will be used once again.

The continuous flow is also one of the most widely used and accepted techniques in hydroponics because it makes sure that the cannabis plants get enough water supply while preventing them from getting waterlogged. And, even though it looks like it uses a lot of water, this technique actually saves water in the long run because it consistently recycles them. That makes it ideal for anyone looking to conserve on water or for those living in places with limited access to water.

4. Nutrient Film Technique

Nutrient film technique is widely used among commercial growers particularly because it makes sure that the plants get enough air and nutrients all at the same time. In this method, the cannabis plants are suspended above a tank and are placed in net pots so that they stay protected while their roots are exposed to the air. A nutrient-rich water film is then continuously pumped and drained in and out of the tank from a reservoir. What happens is that only enough of the roots are exposed to the film so that the rest of the roots’ plants will be able to collect nutrients from the air.

The reason why commercial growers mostly use this technique is that it tends to save up a lot of water while also making sure that the plant grows healthy enough to produce maximum yields. It also prevents the plants from getting burnt out from all of the feedings because it only gives the roots the necessary amount of nutrients they need to thrive well.

Advantages of Using Hydroponics

Now that you have an idea of what hydroponics is and what some of the more popular growing techniques are, it is now time for you to know why you should choose it as a method of growing your cannabis plants. Here are the advantages of using hydroponics:

1. You Get High-quality Plants

This is the most basic reason why you should go use hydroponics. One of the advantages of doing so is that you get high-quality cannabis plants even though you do not grow them in the most ideal of conditions outdoors. Indoor growing usually results in cannabis plants that are poorer in quality. However, using hydroponics ensures that your plants can mimic the type of quality you get when you grow our cannabis in their ideal outdoor environments.

2. The Yields Tend to be Higher

One of the advantages of using a hydroponic system in growing your cannabis plants is that you will be able to get higher yields in the long run. This is because the only limitation to the growth of your plants is light. Other than that, they will get all of the nutrients and minerals they need to grow up healthy. This means that your cannabis plants will end up growing faster to allow you to be able to harvest them more in a single year compared to if you grow them in the soil.

3. Nutrition is Delivered at a Controlled Rate

When you grow your cannabis in the soil, one of the things you cannot control is the amount of nutrition they receive and the time they receive it. This is because the plants’ roots themselves have to look for the nutrients in the soil. However, when using a hydroponic system, you feed the roots the nutrients instantly and a pace you can control. You also do not always leave the plants inside the substrate the entire time because the water solution continuously gets replaced on a consistent basis.

4. There will be Fewer Instances of Pests

A lot of pests that adversely affect the growth of your cannabis plants live and thrive in soil. And, no matter how small these pests are, they can really do serious damage that can potentially derail your entire cannabis operation if you are not too careful. However, since you will be growing the cannabis plants without soil when using a hydroponic system, there will be no soil for the pests to live and thrive. This drastically reduces their numbers and will also lead to fewer diseases and to healthier cannabis plants.

5. Grow More in a Smaller Space

When using soil as a substrate for your cannabis plants, you have to make sure that they get as much space as possible. The basic reason for this is that you do not want your cannabis plants to be competing for nutrients in a limited amount of soil space. But, if you use hydroponics, you do not have to worry about space. This is because you are already feeding the plants’ roots with nutrients through the nutrient-rich solution. That makes it possible for you to maximize your grow space and cultivate more plants

Best Nutrients to Use for Your Hydroponics System

Now that you are aware of the advantages you get when you use hydroponics, you might already want to use your own system in your indoor cannabis operation. However, before you get started, you should also know what kind of nutrients are best used for your water solution so that you will be able to maximize the benefits of hydroponics to your cannabis plants.

1. Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a vital part of what makes any kind of plant healthy. That is because they are used by the plant to produce chlorophyll and other enzymes or proteins. And, if you know your basic biology, you know that the importance of chlorophyll can never be overstated because of its vital role in photosynthesis. Nitrogen is best used in higher concentrations during the vegetative growth phase of the cannabis plants.

2. Potassium

Potassium is important because of how it helps improve the movement of nutrients within the plant. It also improves the plants’ longevity and overall health as well. That makes it an important nutrient during the cannabis plants’ early stages of growth and during photosynthesis.

3. Phosphorus

Phosphorus is what is responsible for converting solar energy into chemical energy. In simple terms, it makes it possible for the plant to use up the energy it gets from your light or heat source. That said, it is a highly important nutrient for the plant as it matures. It also improves your cannabis’ overall immunity to pests and diseases or other adverse conditions.

4. Others

Most nutrient-rich solutions only contain a good amount of Nitrogen, Potassium, and Phosphorus. When you say that a solution is 20-20-20, it is made out of 20% Nitrogen, 20% Potassium, and 20% Phosphorus. The same can be said if it is 15-15-15. The rest is usually just water.

However, you can also add trace amounts of other nutrients such as calcium, sulfur, and magnesium to make your plants healthier. However, most of the time, you can already get by with a good nutrient-rich solution that has the right amount of Nitrogen, Potassium, and Phosphorus.

Setting Up Your Hydroponics System

What You Need

  • Buckets for each plant
  • One starter plug per plant
  • Clay pellets
  • Tank for your reservoir
  • Water pump
  • Grow table or tray
  • Tubes
  • Air pump and air stone
  • Drip line and drip line emitters

1. Set Up Your Reservoir

The first thing you need to set up is your reservoir. This is where your nutrient-rich water solution is contained and it is also where it comes from and eventually returns to. Your reservoir can be any shape or size so long as you think it is big enough to contain the necessary water needed. Also, you might want to keep a lid on it so that you will minimize water loss to evaporation as much as possible.

The reservoir will have a tube line that connects it from the air pump to the air stone, which is inside the tank. The purpose of this is to make sure your water has enough air or oxygen in it. Of course, it also has a line that connects the water pump to the grow table or tray. Lastly, there should be a drainage line that drains excess water from the tray down to the reservoir where it will be recycled.

2. Put Up the Grow Table or Tray

The grow table or tray is where your plants will be held in place. It also contains and eventually drains the water that will be pumped from the reservoir to feed your cannabis plants the nutrients they need. There should also be a tube line that drains excess water down to the reservoir.

3. Place the Buckets with the Plants

The purpose of the buckets is to hold your plants. They should have holes under them so that they will be able to drain water to the grow tray. Place the clay pellets in the bucket. The pellets will ensure that the plants stay in place. Connect the drip line from the water pump in the reservoir to the respective buckets and puncture holes that will slowly drip water into them. Introduce the plants in their own respective starter cubes and place them in the buckets.

4. Run the System

Try running the system by filling up your reservoir with your solution and then by starting up the water pump that will pump water from the reservoir to the drip lines. Make sure that both the water pump and the air pump are always running so that there will be no standing water and that there is always air in your nutrient-rich solution. As long as your plants get enough solution, you are assured that your entire system is running well.

LEC Grow Lights for Cannabis

In the industry of cannabis, you would notice that new innovations in technology are delivered in the market each day. More and more methods and devices are introduced to the market, all aiming to provide potential efficiency. An illustration, when discussing about the cheaper method of growing cannabis indoor, LEC grow lights are the perfect answer. You will soon understand the promising benefits of LEC lights after learning its basics.

Enhanced technology can be a guarded purchase, particularly if the outputs are yet to be seen. This is particularly crucial because you do not want to spend for something that will not justify your expenses. You do not want to pay for something that will not work well in return. Delightedly, as the consumption of LEC lights have become very popular, information pertaining to their capability and competence to enhance the harvest are captivating a large number of gardeners. These growers were exposed to the different types of grow lights but see the potential of LEC lights over the rest.

It appears like for every day that has passed, an innovative technology or an alternative bit of device comes out to participate in the cannabis scenery assuring excelling yields or lowered expenses. Similar to all things that we encounter in life, these kinds of declarations are easily said, but hardly issued with a support. If, nonetheless, economical growing surroundings seem like an interesting subject to tackle, the LEC grow lights can be the consequent step offering solutions for future-fit lighting.

With an expanded lumen per wattage, the commitment to upgrade the yield together with a more unrefined light spectrum, the data abaft LEC – or more commonly recognized as the CMH lights, absolutely appear to smash. But is it worth contemplating though? What are the restrictions does the occurring lighting stores have which turns an enhancement beneficial?

The Hard Tries of Present Lighting Solutions

Nowadays, if you choose to grow from indoor, adequate lighting is necessary to energize the method of photosynthesis. Basic choices can be broken down into four main classifications, namely: metal halide (MH), fluorescent grow light (CFL), high-pressure sodium (HPS), and the light-emitting diode (LED).

Primarily, the CFLs are the most commonly used by neophyte growers only concentrating on a limited number of plants. These lights are hugely accessible in hardware stores, generate a medium quantity of light. They are methodically competent of taking the seedlings all throughout the stage of harvest provided that the remaining growing environment is in excellent shape. Granted that they are a basic household device, the age of these lights shall be intermittent, but generally they give a conservative accomplishment. CFLs are commonly not suggested for the phase of flowering if you can manage better, because they are commonly too sluggish to generate a plentiful yield.

The MH and HPS lights, on the other hand, create the pillar of structures for recreation gardeners thoroughgoing to large-scale commercial works. The aforesaid is recommended during the phase of vegetation as the latter is suggesting during flowering phase. Regardless of their various usage, the two possess something in standard – amazingly high operating expenses. And as the two lights are capable for improved yields, while the industry approaches to a decisive and eco-friendly access, the MH and HPS lights seem very outmoded.

Putting in mind the new kid in the block, the LED lights provide the entire light spectrums accessible from the bulbs mentioned above, however not having the combined operating expenses or heat produced. These lights are rapidly turning the top pick while growers discern to conform their distinction. That was the scenario then, until the LECs or the light-emitting ceramics landed on the scenery.

Learning About LECs

The bottom line of the issue – what are these LEC lights? What makes them appealing to many growers? Why is it that LECs are once in a while named as ceramic dischare metal halide (CDM) or ceramic metal halide (CMH)? Delightedly, these terms correspond to the same meaning, and as the knowledge of automation enhances, these terms have been compatible. I know that these terms may be confusing to you but this article will try to enlighten you:

  • LEC and CMH – they all denote to a grow light names Ceramic Metal Halide
  • Ceramic Metal Halide (CMH) – this is a kind of metal halide lighting which uses a kind of ceramic arc tube such as HPS
  • Ceramic Discharge Metal Halide (CDM) – another term for similar technology
  • Light Emitting Ceramic (LEC) – it is a grow light model which uses the technology of ceramic metal halide. Nonetheless, the abbreviation “LEC” is beginning to become compatible with the abbreviation “CMH” because they both denote to similar technology.

LEC lights use a kind of ceramic arc tube, instead of the quartz variation seen in common MH lightings. The output brings a more unrefined color, generating further lumens for every watt and enduring a longer period. LEC fixtures have various models. The most familiar model is the 315W characterized with a 4200K color bulb.

LEC 315 model, being the most frequent dimension of LEC lights, has an average yield of five to ten ounces, although some planters even get a much higher yield. These models are kept around eighteen inches from above the plants.

This design of grow lights is turning progressively famous for indoor cannabis growers.

What Should be the Distance Between Your Lights and Your Plants?

When discussing about the distance, you must know that the LEC lights generate an intensely strong lighting and commonly require to be placed additionally far from the plants than HPS or MH lightings of the same wattage.

Ideal Illustration:

LEC Wattage Ideal Distance from the Plant
315W 18”-20” or more
630W 24”-26” or more

Note that it will be ideal to place your LEC lights an extra of six to twelve inches away from the immature plants until they reach few weeks of age, or if you notice indication of mild stress.

Having a very tough rivalry among LEDs, an apparently comprehensive solution for lighting, what advantages will LEC lights give?

How LEC Works?

If you have participated in cannabis growing, you are familiar with light wavelengths and determine what kind of wavelength will be ideal for a specific growth phase. Violet, ultra-violet, blue wavelengths are shorter. They are also heavier with energy. On the other hand, red, far-red, orange wavelengths are longer, but they are less heavy with energy.

Given the fact that shorter wavelengths are more effective, they are mostly ideal for vegetative growth. Longer wavelengths, on the other hand, imitates late summer as well as fall, perfect for the flowering phases.

LEC lights possess all types of wavelengths. This means that you do not have to replace any bulbs until they blast, which is approximately every two years. Yes, they will not endure longer as the LED lights, but will certainly well encourage excellent flourishing.  

Moreover, LEC built-in ballasts make use of a more effective square wave frequency which leads to a more polished, more effective fire rate.

Its light can be fuller and brighter, but it still eludes minimal heat than the typical HPS grow lights.

The Benefits of LECs

For neophytes, the color or shade of light generated by this newest improvement is considerably more common. The result is, it turns much more doable to find the ordinary color of the cannabis during the whole of its lifecycle. It may not appear significant; however, it can be essential for analyzing the progress of the growth of your plant and if there are certain concerns which can be determined rapidly by the shifts in color.

Now, understanding a situation, the HPS lights emanate an extreme yellow light, while the LEDs commonly emanate purple hue.

That specific light spectrum emanated by the LEC fixtures also exhibit another point of understanding.  The LEC lights emanate UV-B rays, which based to the informal accounts, develop the rendering of trichome of cannabis while in the phase of flowering. The output is a discerned boost in harvests, nonetheless, the decision on how great it develops harvest is still hugely figured out.

Another advantages of LEC lights are their plug-and-play nature and longevity. They have innate ballasts; therefore, the setup is very doable. Certain manufacturers assert that LEC lights can stay up to two years, which is considerable lengthy than any alternatives, except for LED.

  • LEC lights stay longer and are able to retain their brightness longer as compared to the MH lights. Bulbs do not require often replacement.
  • The Ceramic metal halide releases UV-B rays, similar to the sun. This may add to heightened trichome advancement and the odor in buds grown below LECs. Nonetheless, these UV-B rays are interrupted by glass, hence there should be a transparent trail between the light and the plant to ensure efficiency. Moreover, you must wear protective glasses which obstruct the UV light to prevent your eyes from getting damaged.
  • LEC lights generate an unrefined light spectrum which allow you to view the entire color of your plants. Different from the LED and HPS grow lights, LEC basically will not falsify the plants’ color. You do not only get the access of viewing the vibrancy of your garden, but it will also make it easier for you to determine problems with natural colored lights. LEC light is also much less skeptical if it unintentionally spills out the window.
  • LEC light not make radio interference.
  • Majority of LEC models have built-in ballast. This is a characteristic that enables them to become plug-and-play.

The Deprivation of LECs

Of course there are perfect lighting solutions! Even the LEC lights have their disadvantages. The emanated UV-B rays are dangerous to the human beings. Tolerable safety device is required to lessen any hazards to the eyes or skin. Nowadays, the high structure expenditure of LEC can be repulsive. Since the technology is fresh, their price is significantly higher compared to the conventional bulbs such as CFLs, though this characteristic is fairly of a sharp sword. The primary amount is higher, however, the indelible running expenses lie in between the HPS and LED lightings.

Further, LECs emanate immense heat. It is unbefitting the HPS or the MH lights, however sufficient to guarantee ample airflow as well as cooling alternatives further conceivably contributing to the founding cost if you are not yet owning a ventilation device. Another thing to consider is the placement of LEC lights versus HPS light. The LEC lights do not completely counterpart similar intensity of light of HPS assortments, hence you will have to place the fixture nearer to your cannabis’ canopy. Finally, glass blocks UV-B rays emanated by the LEC bulbs. Planters would have to think again any interferences in between the lightings and the plants.

  • Unluckily, LEC lights do not significantly get similar yields as the HPS light of the same wattage when applied as the major lighting during the flowering phase. Nonetheless, they still achieve considerably higher yields compared to metal halide of the same wattage would attain during the phase of flowering.
  • LEC costs higher. The initial cost of its smallest size is around three hundred eighty dollars. Nonetheless, the bulbs can still stay longer compared to a common HPS light.

Conclusion

The reality is that the LEC lights are significantly new and possibly not completely tested by the growers. You can utilize all available information which will give you promising details.

The advantages of LEC lights seem to dominate majority of its disadvantages. Enhanced yields with lesser watts mixed with UV-B rays and lessened operating expenses, the genuine opponent of LEC is actually only LED. Although LED lights give the same advantages without the augmentation of extra heat, currently, they cannot equal the enhanced yields which the LEC lights offer. If you intend to plant cannabis in the coming days, you will potentially get a favorable return if you consider investing with LEC fixtures. If your structure for HPS or MH perishes, today can be the right time to make a new investment – something that is newer and more competent.

Lollipopping Cannabis The Right Way: A Guide

As sweet as it sounds, lollipopping or the lollipop technique is not about the production of lollipops or sweets. It is a growing technique generally used by cannabis growers to enhance their yield. We will discussing the process of lollipopping, eligibility, growing techniques requiring lollipopping and why should you apply the lollipopping method during cannabis cultivation.

You will never run out of supply of buds because you have plenty. Why wait for 10 to 11 weeks of flowering time if this process can shorten the waiting period? If you are tired of waiting weeks just to harvest small yield of buds? Then lollipopping might be your perfect companion and the start of your booming dispensary. Read and go ahead and try how the lollipopping method works.

What is Lollipopping

Lollipopping is a process of maintenance wherein you trim the lower part of your cannabis plant and just focus on the upper part where the buds bloom. You cut off the leaves from the center up to the bottom that will make the plant lollipop in shape.

This technique is a big help especially if the strain that you are trying to grow has low to mild resistance to pests, molds and mildews considering that some prefer to grow outdoors where the climate is not controlled. It will give the upper part more space to breathe. Besides, the lower leaves are not necessarily essential to its growth.

Lollipopping provides space for the plant to occupy and absorb enough light for a more bountiful growth. Considering that there are a variety of strains which are bushy during growth, this is the best way to maintain your cannabis plant while trying to improve its yield.

The method of lollipopping is suggested for growers with experience in cannabis cultivation. It is not that difficult but it is not as easy too. It would be best if you have enough knowledge when it comes to the nature of the strain, process of lollipopping and the growing requirements of the strain that you are trying to grow.

The goal of lollipopping is to provide each bud light as much as possible. This will help the bud from absorbing the nutrients promoting its growth and will maximize the growing opportunity of your cannabis plant. Removing 20% up to 30% of the plant which does not acquire light penetration.

Most if not all of the cannabis growers who use the lollipopping method prefers an indoor setting for marijuana cultivation. They utilize the lollipopping method because in an indoor setting, the environmental requirements are mostly artificial.

For example, the way your marijuana plant acquires light. It is positioned on the ceiling promoting equal distribution of the light throughout the room. The upper parts of the plant are the only ones acquiring light since the leaves are windowing each other providing shade from the other buds not just resulting to delay of growth but as well as the amount of yield.

Growing Techniques Recommending the Utilization Of Lollipopping Method

Considering that not all growing techniques are eligible in undergoing the lollipopping method, here are two growing techniques that works well with it producing bountiful buds. This is high suggested especially for cannabis growers who run their own dispense shops online and in-store.

These growing techniques are mostly utilized by growers who have gained experience in cultivating cannabis. Knowing how their process works, the utilization of the lollipopping method would not stand their way considering that it is almost aligned with these growing techniques.

SOG (Sea of Green)

The SOG method or the Sea of Green is a technique carefully idealized for marijuana cultivation limited to small spaces. During its pre-vegetative stage in about two weeks more or less, it tends to force and pressure the plant into its flowering stage. The good thing about it is that the average flowering time is shortened. You will be able to harvest earlier than eight to nine weeks.

On an SOG set up, it works well with being paired with the lollipopping method because this way, the buds will get enough light and air since premature plants are less likely to be susceptible to both. This is the most effective way in using SOG because not just the average time is shortened, you will also be able to produce a bountiful yield. It is like hitting two birds with one stone.

To come up with a satisfying yield with the use of the SOG method, it would be best to properly maintain it with the lollipopping method. In the real world, it usually takes ten weeks or so for a strain to complete its vegetative cycle. Using this method would leave you consistent harvest and supply.

This is highly recommended for people who have their own dispensaries who is in need of a large and consistent supply of cannabis. It is both efficient for both growers and sellers. You no longer have to worry about running out of supply or difficulties in maintaining your strain, using the SOG and lollipopping method will make your cannabis growing and selling experience efficient.

SCROG (Screen of Green)

Throughout the years of the lowering of legal restrictions in the growing and utilization of marijuana, another famous growing technique is on the top, the SCROG method also known as Screen of Green method.

Scrogging is a method suggested mostly for indoor growing preferences to maximize the provided artificial lighting. They use a screen, whether it is a nylon net or chicken wire, as long as it has a minimum of five centimeter in diameter, it will work well for scrogging.

The process of scrogging is suspending the upper part of the plant in between the spaces provided by the wiring. You have to keep the upper part as close to the light as possible to absorb a vast amount of light. It is mostly used for indica strains rather than sativa considering that indica ones grow vertically meanwhile sativa ones are more bushy and horizontal in growth.

If you are going to utilize the Screen of Green growing technique with the lollipopping method, you have to make sure that your screen is sturdy enough to support the weight of the buds on the upper part. This way, the growth of your marijuana plant would not be deprived. Bear in mind that it would be best if you check your buds every now and then to secure it from unwanted molds, mildews or even diseases.

Techniques on How to Lolippop

Let us face the fact that growers would love to have a bountiful yield and will do anything and everything just to come up with one. You tend to try each and every method not just to come up with a successful harvest but for you to also gain knowledge and experience. We created a guide to follow in executing the lollipopping method. This way, you would not have a hard time in doing the methods.

As the name may ring it, “lollipopping” is the term because as you finish the whole process, the marijuana plant looks like a lollipop, sphere shaped with a long stem. The process of lollipopping starts by cutting off half or more than half (depending on your preference) of the whole plant. This does not just make the whole cannabis plant look well-maintained, but it will boost the potency of your plant too. It is like hitting two birds with one stone.

Top Down Lollipopping

Is the first step where in you cut off the excessive leaves that provides shade on the lower part of the plant depriving it from producing more buds. Before you start cutting off the excessive parts, you have to pick four nodes. These nodes should be connected to the main growing tip of your cannabis plant or you can pick a point where you want to start the cutting process. After you pick, you can now cut the growing stems and leaves beyond that point and just focus on the upper part.

The process is as simple as holding the stem in between your forefinger and thumb then slide it downwards to remove the sides and the excessive parts. Another option is to manually cut it off with a pair of scissors.

Bottom Up Lollipopping

Is another technique where you start from the part where the stem meets the soil upwards. This technique is the required type of lollipopping especially when you are using the Screen of Green growing technique since the marijuana is suspended on the upper part of chicken wire to absorb as much light as possible.

Since you will be starting the cut from the bottom and you will be working and trimming upwards, make sure to provide a sharp pair of sterile scissors. First thing to do is to remove the short branches to prioritize the top of the canopy and that the light will focus on the remaining lateral branches. As you finish the trimming, observe the plants growth for days, if it continues to develop, it would be best to maintain, monitor and trim it again.  

Other Trimming Options Apart from Lollipopping

As a cannabis grower, you have to think outside of the box and seek for other options if one does not work well with the strain that you are trying to grow and if you are not that experienced in exhibiting a particular trimming process. It would be best if you have a plan A and plan B if things go wrong. We have gathered information about other trimming options that you can execute if lollipopping is not your thing. These options also have the capability to increase your yield and to make your growing experience efficient.

Monster Cropping

Monster Cropping also known as Flowering Clones is a trimming technique wherein during the flowering phase of the marijuana plant, you remove its clones then replant it. This will result to a super bushy strain with flowering nodes and branches.

The process was named Master Cropping because it produces large sized marijuana plants. It is mostly utilized by growers with large spaces whether it is indoors, outdoors or even greenhouses. This is the trimming option which is best partnered with SOG and SCROG growing techniques. Incorporating it with either of the two will have the plant acquire its ability to produce multiple heads per plant.

Low Stress Training

Low Stress Training or LST is a trimming option which is very easy and efficient and is mostly preferred by inexperienced growers. As the name itself suggests, during the marijuana plant’s growth, it administers low amount of stress for the grower and the plant itself. You do not have to worry about too much maintenance and monitoring.

When grown using the LST trimming option, your cannabis plants grow horizontally rather than vertically making it look like bushes. As soon as it gets bushy, this is the sign that its buds are ready to develop. Apart from the low stress and the bountiful yield it provides, your strain would never go wrong with Low Stress Training for it will produce potent buds.

Topping

Another trimming option which is suggested for cannabis growers who are seeking for a bountiful strain. Topping is the most generally known form of high stress technique. This is not suggested for inexperienced growers considering that the process can be a bit tricky.

Topping is rooting for the main stem of a cannabis plant and then replanting it. This trimming option works well in an indoor and outdoor setting. As you cut the main stem, you have to make sure that you will be using sterilized scissors because that is how sensitive it is. Removing the whole main stem, a single cola will double. The good thing about it, you can repeat the trimming process over again.

Fimming

Fimming is a trimming option which is also suggested for cannabis growers with gained experience. Considering that it is also considered as a high stress technique, you have to do it carefully. If Topping is just removing the whole main stem to replant, with Fimming, you just cut or remove a small portion of the main stem for you to replant.

In the process of Fimming, you just remove the growth on the top most part of the plant but you do not cut through the stem. Fimming produces two up to four main colas peeking through the top of the plant. The normal growth of marijuana is in Christmas tree shape but there is only one main cola. When you use Fimming as a trimming option, the marijuana plant is still in Christmas tree shape yet it has multiple colas.

Super Cropping

Another trimming option which is under the high stress training technique which works well for both indoor and outdoor cultivation. Super Cropping, as the name speaks for itself, you stress and pressure the growth of the plant. This trimming option results to a bushy plant with plenty of branches. It grows horizontally rather than horizontally so you have to make sure that you will be able to provide enough space.

Super Cropping trimming technique is one of the most effective option if you want to harvest a bountiful and premium quality buds. In comparison to normally grown strains, it produces buds with higher levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The good thing about this technique is that it protects itself from potential diseases, mildews and molds.

Elligibility of Lollipopping

The good thing about this trimming method is that it is applicable for all types of marijuana strains. Before you conduct the trimming process, you have to identify the strengths and weaknesses of your strain. Classifying it as sativa, indica or other types of strains, is a big help in choosing the perfect technique.

Indica strains grow vertically. The lollipopping technique suggested for these kind of strains is the top down technique since it grows thin and it is not that difficult to maintain. You will be able to see through the primary nodes that you will be leaving. Bear in mind that you have to thoroughly cut the excessive stems and leaves off. This way, your primary nodes will receive equal amounts of light and air.

On the other hand, sativa strains grow horizontally. They tend to be very bushy and full of branches on the inside. With this, it would be best if you will be using the bottom up technique. The top down technique will be difficult to execute because of the lateral branching properties of sativa strains. Scrutinize the strong branches to keep to come up with a satisfying result.

Either way, even though all marijuana strains are eligible for the lollipopping method, it would be best if you try it on one to two easy-growing strains to alleviate the chances of just wasting the cannabis plant itself. Inspect the growth of the plant after you have executed the lollipopping method, this way, you will be able to avoid growth of insects and production of eggs.

Male VS Female Weed: Everything You Need to Know

Many long-time marijuana breeders can tell you that having a male plant in your garden is bad for your overall yield. However, some may tell you that they are looking forward to having male plants in their grow space.

If this is your first time learning about cannabis plants having different sexes, you might be wondering how males are different from the female ones. Let us melt away your confusion by looking into the different genders of cannabis plants.

Differences Between the Two Genders

The main reason why breeders keep female plants in the garden is bud production. Males do not produce high inducing buds, except for pollen sacs.

In addition, the female plants are responsible for producing a specific strain’s cannabinoid content. You can find most cannabinoids in the female’s buds such as THC, CBD, and CBN. Good amounts of cannabinoids are also present in most part of a female plant such as the trichomes and sugar leaves. On the other hand, male plants barely produce the same amount of cannabinoids as its female counterpart.

Identifying the Genders of Your Plants

It is important to note that all regular cannabis plants, counting autoflower versions as well, has a 50/50 chance of turning into a male or female plant. Regular seeds or the plants will barely have any identifying marks of its gender during the early parts of their growth cycle. Cannabis plants will show their sex organs during the first part of the flowering phase when they grow their reproductive parts.

You can find the plant’s reproductive parts on the joints of their stalks. Male plants will have a bulbous sac that is smooth and barely has any hair or pistils on them. On the other hand, female plants have bulbs with long pistils shooting out of its top and has hair sprouting around the pistil.

You might also come across a plant that will have both male and female sex organs. These type of plants are hermaphrodite that shares the same characteristics as male plants in terms of cannabinoid content.

It is possible to identify female and male plants during the vegetative stage. One of the defining characteristics of male plants is its thick central stalk while female plants have a thinner stalk. This is due to the traits of male plants reliance on the strength of its stalk to support its weight because they grow taller than female plants. Another trait that male plants have are branches with fewer leaves than female plants.

Identifying male and female plants during the vegetative phase can be difficult to achieve with the naked eye. In addition, cannabis plants have no average measurement on the thickness of male and female plant stalks. However, you can still use this information to mark the possible male plants within your garden and wait before they start to develop their sex organs during the flowering period.

Concerns with Male Plants in a Grow Area

It is important for you to identify a male plant as soon as they show their sex organs. The problem with allowing males to grow along with female plants is unintended fertilization. When a male pollinates a female plant, the female drops all of its chemical process in producing cannabinoids and sending it to its buds. Instead, the fertilized plants will focus on producing seeds within its bud. If you do not separate the male plants right away from your garden, you might be looking at a garden full of seed making plants and neither of them can give you the weed strain that you are working on.

The same rules also apply to hermaphrodite plants. Their pollens can also fertilize female plants and turn them into seed makers instead of bud producers. A good rule of thumb is to separate any plant that has a pollen sac from your main grow garden.

Bud Production from Hermaphrodites

If your garden happens to produce a hermaphrodite plant, it may still produce a bud that contains the signature cannabinoid content of a strain. It is still important to take away a herm plant and place it in a separate area away from your main grow area.

Check on the flowering site of a herm plant. If it only has a few male organs, you can still harvest the plant. To do this, cut all male flowers with tweezers dipped in rubbing alcohol. Upon removing the flower, spray the area with water. This will sterilize the pollen within the site.  Continue providing care to the plant until it produces a signature bud.

It is important to note that the bud may not have the same THC or cannabinoid content as the ones from female buds. With this in mind, you might not want to smoke the bud. What you can do with it is to extract the cannabinoid from the plant and use it for making hash or edibles.

Uses of Male Plants

While male plants may seem to be like a pest in any breeder’s garden, they still have their uses. The most common of which is seed production. This can be a big deal for many breeders due to the cost of seeds alone.

If you want to attempt making your own steady supply of Cannabis Seeds for a specific strain, cultivate the male plant and a female plant in a separate area or room. This area must be farther away from the bud-producing females to prevent any accidental fertilization. A good way to achieve this is to invest in a grow tent that creates a sealed environment for both male and female plants.

The cannabinoid content of a male plant can get you high a little bit if it comes from a potent strain that has an average THC level of up to 20 percent or more. This is possible by extracting the trichomes from the male plants. Trichomes are the small white substance surrounding the sugar leaves of cannabis plants. The trichomes become kief, which you can add to beverages or food to create an edible cannabis product.

If you are into juicing, male plants happen to have various nutrients and beneficial compounds. The plant contains cannabolic acids such as CBDA and THCA. While these chemicals do not provide the same effect as its high-inducing cannabinoid counterparts, they still have many health benefits. THCA, for example, has an anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor property. It can even provide mild relief for vomiting and nausea.

Finally, male plants can benefit your garden in a couple of ways. One of which is to utilize the natural terpene from the plant and apply it to your garden. Terpene is responsible for the smell and flavor of your cannabis buds. It can also be used as a natural and organic pest repellant when you apply it to your garden. You can extract the terpene oil from dried male plants.

Hermaphrodites are also usable for

Creating Seeds that Produce Female Plants

While regular seeds can grow to a male or female plant, feminized seeds have a near 95 percent chance of growing into female plants. These seeds have the genetic code to become female because they came from two female parents. You can find a feminized version of popular seeds in online seed banks. On the other hand, you can make your own feminized seeds.

To make fem seeds, you need to make a hermaphrodite plant. Pollen from a female plant will have the genetics to produce a female seed. Creating a hermaphrodite is possible by applying colloidal silver to the plant, which will trigger a biological reaction to produce male organs. Colloidal silver is small amounts of silver floating within a water solution. You can easily find this substance across health and wellness shops since they are sold as supplements.

You will want to make sure that you are applying the substance to plants that are likely to be female. A good way to ensure this is to grow feminized seeds since these will likely grow female sex organs. You can also look for cannabis plants with thinner stalks as they also have a good chance of being female. It is also a good idea to pick a healthy female plant out of the lot to produce high-quality seeds.

Upon picking a female plant that will produce its pollen, place it in a separate area away from your garden. The main reason to do this is to prevent any unintentional fertilization of female plants that you want to produce your buds. Another reason is to avoid contaminating the bud producing plants with colloidal silver. The substance can be dangerous if you inhale or ingest it through the plant’s buds. Fortunately, the pollen from the hermaphrodite plant treated with the substance is safe to use.

Spray the colloidal silver onto the bud sites of female plants at the start of their flowering period. This is the time when the plants are entering the 12/12 lighting schedule. Apply the substance once a day for the first three to four weeks of the plant’s flowering period. You should see male pollen sacs growing out of the plant’s stalk joints during the second week. Continue spraying the colloidal silver on the plant until you see the pollen sac become inflated or looks ready to crack open.

Cover the pollen sac with a Ziploc bag and collect it if it looks like a swollen bulb. Allow the sac to dry so you can easily remove the pollen. Discard the hermaphrodite plant and place the female plant you want to produce seeds in a separate room. The female plant should be within its second to the third week of the flowering period. Apply the pollen onto the buds with a fine paintbrush. The pollen should stick to the bud site of the female plant. Within six weeks, the bud will swell and produce feminized seeds.

It is important to note that we want to use a chemically induced hermaphrodite plant only. Certain breeders find ways to force a female plant to grow male organs by intentionally stressing the plant. Others do this by not harvesting the buds of the plant and allow it to grow old. This will make the plant naturally grow male organs to protect the next generation. The reaction is a problem because you will gain a genetic that may not produce feminized seeds.

How to Avoid Producing Hermaphrodites

As you can see, hermaphrodites are as appealing as male plants because of their pollen sacs and low cannabinoid content. Even feminized seeds can turn into herm plants if it is constantly stressed throughout its growth cycle.

Plants can experience stress in many ways. The most common of which is from high temperatures. This common occurrence among indoor cultivators comes from the use of HPS or MH light fixtures. Both grow lights produce a significant amount of heat. You can avoid this problem by installing an efficient air ventilation system within the grow room that constantly keeps a comfortable temperature range for the plants. You can also use LED fixtures instead of HPS or MH fixtures. While LED cost more than other grow lights, the lamps do not produce large amounts of heat while turned on.

Diseases can also put a significant amount of stress among your cannabis plants. A good way to prevent this is to keep the humidity at a safe range. High humidity can create an environment for molds and fungus to grow. Each growth cycle has a suitable humidity level that benefits the plant. During the vegetative phase, a range of around 40 to 70 percent should keep the plants healthy and stress-free.

Another common source of stress among plants is nutrient deficiency and toxicity. A good practice is to use a medium with slow-releasing nutrients to provide the plants what it needs for healthy growth. It is important to keep watch for any signs of deficiencies such as yellowish hue among a plant’s leaves. The color indicates a lack of nitrogen.

You should have a clear idea on the differences between the male and female weed plants as well as hermaphrodites. Always remember to clear out any male or hermaphrodites from your main grow garden immediately when their gender becomes clear. If you still want to use either of the plants to create seeds, grow them in a separate room to avoid fertilizing all of your female plants. It is also important to know the proper cultivation method for any kind of cannabinoid strain to avoid stressing a plant and allow it to turn into a herm.

Marijuana Grow Lights Breakdown: Yields, Cost and Heat

One of the most important pieces of equipment for any indoor marijuana grow area is light. Most outdoor cannabis cultivating setups no longer require additional lighting fixtures. Your plants can already bask under the light and heat of the sun’s warm rays. However, indoor strains don’t have easy access to this natural source.

Instead, you should focus on getting your marijuan grow lights for your indoor plants. There are different lights to choose from the market to help your marijuana strains acquire the light and heat they need. Always remember that light is a crucial element to your pot.

The Importance of Light in Growing Marijuana

The absence of light means plants cannot photosynthesize. No light means most plants, including marijuana strains, will eventually die. However, there are some cannabis strains not suitable for growing outdoors because of a number of reasons. Indoor growing areas may be the key to a successful yield which requires the use of the right grow lights.

Aside from photosynthesis, light also plays a key role in keeping plants healthy during their vegetative stages. This element also forces your plants to flower when ready. Most cannabis strains are photoperiodic which means they require a set period of uninterrupted light and darkness. For example, many marijuana plants require 12 hours of continuous light and another 12 hours of darkness.

Factors to Consider When Buying Grow Lights for Marijuana

Indoor marijuana grow areas have an absence of natural sunlight. Grow lights play a vital role in providing light and heat to your plants. Light is an essential element for most plants as it helps bring about photosynthesis. It’s the process in which carbon dioxide, water, and light combine to become energy sources for plants.

Consider the following when looking for the best grow light for your needs:

Light Intensity

The figure connected to this factor determines the brightness of the grow light. Plants absorb light energy from grow lights. Growers can measure the light intensity by seeing the Lumen rating of the piece of marijuana-growing equipment.

There are low-intensity lights on the market that help produce long and leggy plants. Since these lights provide low light outputs, plants need to reach high to find that adequate amount of light. Conversely, high-intensity lights are superior for many cannabis strains because of the devices’ ability to produce denser, more compact, and higher yielding buds.

Some lighting fixtures allow users to control the intensity of the light on the fly. Many inexpensive grow lights present a “What You See is What You Get” nature which means the light intensity is unchangeable from the start. To get the best results for your harvest, you may want grow lights that are capable of delivering flexible light intensities to help you cultivate a broad range of indoor weed. Be prepared to spend more cash than you should when you opt for this path.

Grow Light Cycle

Expert marijuana growers know that the development stages of plant growth require longer light durations than flowering stages. Many cannabis cultivators don’t have the luxury of time to constantly maintain their plants. The good news is that there are grow lights that have built-in timers for light cycles. These pieces of equipment will automatically turn on or off during set intervals. However, the more basic and cheaper models still need a separate timer and human interaction for these units to function in the best way possible.

Color

Novice marijuana gardeners may think that the color of the light emitted from grow lights is an insignificant trait. Take note that plants, especially cannabis need more blue light during their vegetative stages. Your plants will then need more red light when they begin to flower. The different colors offer varying benefits to plants. Blue light waves have smaller light waves than red light which allow the lighting fixture to give more energy. Red light waves deliver a longer reach than blue lights but have a lesser energy output.

To give you great value for money, you may want to use full-spectrum grow lights. These models may cost more than traditional models but will help save you cash in the long run.

Marijuana Grow Light Choices

This section helps you determine which grow light to use for your marijuana grow area. We discuss the pros and cons along with other useful information.

LED Grow Lights

Light Emitting Diode (LED) grow lights are relatively new on the market. It’s not a favorite choice for everyone because of their price tags. The initial cost of getting a bunch of these lighting fixtures can puncture holes in wallets. Regardless of their prices, many growers still prefer using LED lights.

LED grow lights for weed are very easy to set up and install. There are small models on the market that have a plug-and-play nature. In other words, all you have to do is connect it to an appropriate wall socket and it’s good to go. When beaming light to a compatible cannabis strain, LED lighting fixtures can help produce great yields.

Also, LED lights don’t run the risk of getting very hot. If you’re running a commercial marijuana farm, then you may still need to set up exhaust fans in the area. These additional pieces of equipment help organize airflow and temperature.

If you’re going to use LEDs, make sure the light has enough distance away from your plants. This step is necessary to prevent light burn. LEDs with green and white light should be a necessity for a full spectrum. Blue and red light colors for LED fixtures may not be enough.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of LED grow lights:

Pros Cons
Low running temperature.Energy efficient. Extended lifespan. High initial costs. Weak light intensity. May require additional units from the start.

Fluorescent Grow Lights

There are two types of fluorescent marijuana grow lights: CFL and T5. CFL tend to have twisted shapes whereas T5 grow lights are your industry standard long and narrow lighting fixtures.

Fluorescent lights produce warm and cool light intensities and they deliver a full spectrum of colors regardless of their shape. These models are also cheaper than most grow lights on the market. Some marijuana growers may even use these lights to help with standard living environments. Also, you don’t need special sockets for these models.

Are fluorescent grow lights the best for cultivating cannabis strains? These lighting fixtures may serve a great purpose for many marijuana growing areas, but these units are still far from the best. Perhaps the main drawback of using these lights is their weak penetrating power. Also, fluorescent lighting tends to produce smaller yields when looking at their light intensity per watt as compared to LED and HID lights.

Also, fluorescent lights require the right positioning as these models need to be very close to your plants to become effective. These grow lights aren’t recommended for use when trying to grow tall, full-sized cannabis strains. Fluorescent also has a small amount of mercury so keep that in mind when deciding to use these lighting fixtures.

Let’s check the different pros and cons of using fluorescent grow lights:

Pros Cons
Low initial costs. Great for low-stress training. A cool temperature for some cannabis strains.An excellent choice for novice gardeners. Extended lifespan. May produce smaller yields. Weak light intensity. Short light travel. Not ideal for large growing areas.

High-Intensity Discharge (HID) Grow Lights

Using HID grow lights allows growers to use lighting fixtures that are one step above fluorescent lights. Also, many marijuana growers prefer HID lights among all the other grow lights out there. Despite their awkward shapes, these lights offer an abundant array of benefits to plants. HID lights should also be used in conjunction with a reflector hood to position the light beam to plants.

Perhaps the main disadvantage of HID grow lights is their extreme heat. These lights run the tendency of being very hot. Exhaust fans are a dire need when planning to go this route in giving heat and light to marijuana plants.

Aside from ventilation and temperature control, HIDs may also require stands or other structures to be steady. Ballasts may also be a requirement to mediate electric currents. It may seem like the initial costs of owning a set of HID grow lights are high, they’re cheaper than buying a bunch of LEDs. Still, HID lights do require more expenses in other ways. HIDs also have a lower lifespan as compared to LEDs or fluorescent lights.

There are three types of HID lighting: High-Pressure Sodium (HPS), Metal Halide (MH), and Ceramic Metal Halide (CMH). CMH lights, also known as Light Emitting Ceramic (LEC) models, are more efficient than industry standard MH lights. Still, MH lights have blue hues great for the development stages of marijuana plants. HPS, on the other hand, have yellow lighting ideal for the flowering stages of your cannabis strains.

Now, see the different pros and cons of using HID grow lights:

Pros Cons
Operational costs get lower in the long run.Usable light is better than fluorescent lights. Many HIDs are dimmable. High heat. Requires reflectors, ballasts, and structures. May require additional tools for installation.

How to Know the Right Amount of Light Needed for a Grow Area

After your cannabis plants finish their seedling phases they will enter their development or vegetative stages. At this time, your cannabis strains require at least 250 watts per square meter of light for them to grow properly. To enable bigger and faster growth, growers may need to exceed the amount. You may provide your plants with 400 to 600 watts per square meter of light. Some growers may even consider bringing it to the maximum by installing 1000 watts of grow light per square meter. However, the last option may not be for everyone as it requires high initial costs.

Light Placement Tips for Grow Lights

The best arrangement for any grow light is to hang or place them directly on top of your cannabis strains. This position mimics the natural sunlight beaming down to your plants. Also, this overhead location exposes all the sides and leaves to the heat and intensity of the light.

As a rule of thumb, grow light bulbs that use incandescent lighting should be at least 23 inches above your plants. Fluorescent and LEDs, on the other hand, provide lower heat signatures than other grow lights. Hence, both of these lighting fixtures should be about 6 to 12 inches over plants.

Keep a close eye on the growth of your indoor strains during their development stages. You may need to adjust the grow lights at certain intervals to help provide a high amount of yield by harvest time. Consult your chosen grow light for its design and other specifics to help you gain the best results.

How Long Should the Grow Lights Remain Operational?

Novice marijuana growers may make the mistake of running their grow lights with a 24-hour operation. Most cannabis strains require a photoperiod of 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. Don’t disregard darkness as a bad element for growing plants. Your strains break the acquired photosynthesized energies at night through a process known as respiration.

Remember, different strains may require varying photoperiods. Some flowering plants may require 16 hours of light and 8 hours of darkness. There are also cannabis strains that only need 8 hours of light and 16 hours of darkness. Always do your research before leaving the light on your grow area.

You need to use the best grow lights for your preferred indoor marijuana strain. Don’t just place any random lighting fixture on top of your plants in hopes of acquiring a high amount of yield come harvest time. Not all light can provide promising results. We hope that by reading through our guide you now have a clearer idea than before as to what type of grow light to buy and use.

Using HPS (High-Pressure Sodium) Grow Lights for Cannabis

These days, it is difficult to not notice how cannabis use has been growing at a steady and rapid pace. This is because there have been a lot of countries and states now slowly legally and socially accepting marijuana for both medical and recreational use. The growing use of cannabis has been the main reason as to why this organic product has been increasing in consumer demand as of late.

In line with the increase in demand of cannabis, many people have now decided to grow their own plants in the comforts of their own home or properties in the hopes of probably making a profit out of it or consuming it themselves or with their friends at the very least.

That said, it is now imperative for cannabis growers and cultivators to know the most cost and time-efficient means to grow cannabis so that they will be able to produce high-quality products while maximizing harvests and profits and minimizing costs. In line with that, using the best types of lights for your home or indoor cannabis operation is key in making sure you get the most out of what you have planted.

The High-Pressure Sodium (HPS) Grow Light

  1. What is it?

Grow lights were not always used as such before indoor cannabis growing blew up. These lamps were actually invented and used for more practical purposes such as for street lights. In that regard, the low-pressure sodium (LPS) lamp was born. It was made specifically to answer the need to light the streets in the most efficient ways.

The LPS is a popular choice in Europe and in some other countries because of how it is very efficient and cost-effective. But even though it tends to be an efficient type of lamp, it can light up a much larger area compared to the other types of lamps. On top of that, it is a sensitive kind of lamp that tends to be easy on the human eye.

However, the problem with LPS is that it does not have the best color rendering compared to the other lamps. That is why it has not become the most successful and popular light source both for practical and growing purposes.

Years later, an improved version of the LPS was born. The high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamp was first sold in the general market during the 1960s and has since become one of the most, if not the most, widely used type of lamp in the world.

The HPS is mostly used for street lighting particularly because of how it is a much better version of the LPS. It is an efficient and very effective lighting source that also tends to be smaller LPS. On top of that, it has a better lifespan and can last quite a lot longer than most other types of lamps on the market.

Since its introduction to the general market, the HPS has become one of the more versatile lamps. It is not only used for street lights or for homes but has become a great choice for indoor plant growers. And yes, this includes cannabis cultivators as well.

Cannabis growers have learned that high-pressure sodium lights are effective tools to use for cultivating cannabis right in the comforts of their own homes or rooms regardless of whether the entire operation is large or not. It has since become a good option for large-scale cannabis cultivation or even for casual recreational users that grow a few plants in their home for their own personal consumption.

  1. How does it work?

Inside high-pressure sodium, the bulb is a narrow arc tube made out of aluminum oxide ceramic to make sure that it does not corrode when exposed to sodium. This tube is supported by a frame so that it stays in place. It also contains sodium, xenon, and mercury.

The common HPS lamp starts when an ignitor sends a high-voltage energy pulse that makes its way through the arc tube as it lights up the xenon. It then heats up and lights the mercury up to produce a bluish color within the bulb. As the bulb continues to heat up, it vaporizes the sodium to create a yellowish light that mixes with mercury’s bluish color to give a light that is closer to the whitish color.

Because of this process, an HPS lamp usually takes a while before it fully lights up. It can be a little slow to start when compared to the other types of bulbs but it tends to have higher efficacy and quite cost-efficient.

The ballast in the bulb regulates the flow of electrical current that ignites the entire lighting process. This ballast is the resistor. The moment the ballast deteriorates, it will be unable to supply the electrical energy needed to make the entire process startup. At this moment, the bulb now becomes useless and it is now time for you to go purchase a replacement.

  1. Why are they being used?

When growing cannabis or any other plants in an artificial indoor system, you need a light source. Light and heat are essential for almost any plants’ species’ life and is one of the more important elements in making sure that your cannabis plants are thriving and growing well in your own indoor operation.

That said, any grower or cultivator needs a light source that can emit enough heat to mimic a portion of the energy provided by the sun in outdoor environments, where cannabis is naturally grown. This is where high-pressure sodium lights come in.

For almost 50 years since the day this type of a bulb or light source has been introduced, HPS lamps have been one of the favorites grow lights for a lot of indoor cannabis growers. This is because these lights produce a lot of heat and can really emit enough light to supply energy to a rather large amount of marijuana plants. These lights, in fact, are so strong that they can even provide a similar amount of heat that low-end heaters can.

While HPS grow lights are older and even though there have been a lot of types of lights that have been introduced into the market over the past few decades, they still are some of the best options for any grower. High-pressure sodium lights still maintain their place in the market and are grow lights that can find a place in any cultivator’s indoor operation.

Why Choose HPS Grow Lights?

There might be a lot more types of lights used for cannabis today than there was 30 to 40 years ago but HPS grow lights still dominate because of their benefits and advantages. Here are the reasons why you should still choose HPS to grow lights over their competitors:

  1. They are cheap

The fact of the matter is that high-pressure grow lights are so cheap and affordable to the point that even growers with the lowest budget for marijuana cultivators can still purchase these types of lights at a relatively low price. In fact, high-end HPS bulbs might still be more affordable compared to even standard LED lights, which are considered more expensive options.

On top of its affordable price tag, an HPS lighting system is the sum of its parts. This means that this modular type of grow light can easily be fixed when there is something wrong. You can just simply replace one part with a new one if you find that, for example, the bulb does not work anymore. What that means for you is that you do not have to purchase an entirely new system to replace the old one in case something goes wrong.

However, despite its relatively cheap price, an HPS grow light is not something that has poor quality. In fact, it is actually one of the best in terms of overall efficacy. The only reasons why these lights are cheap is that they are relatively easier to make and that it is not too difficult to enter the market as a new competitor.

  1. They are effective

Nobody can ever say anything to refute the fact that HPS grow lights are downright effective for growing cannabis. That has become an accepted truth in the cannabis community as many growers or cultivators will agree that these lights really are great at doing their job.

Many growers will say something bad or negative about how effective certain lights are for growing cannabis. However, you will hear almost nothing bad about how effective HPS lights are. They really do bring the best out of your cannabis and will result into high-yielding plants because of how they tend to be strong enough to provide the amount of light or heat needed.

And the best part is that this is a trait that is common among HPS lights. No brand or company can lay claim to producing the only effective types of HPS bulbs because almost any manufacturer can produce an effective and high-quality HPS light that can give you the results that you want.

A lot of commercial growers today use HPS grow lights because high productivity is almost always their main goal. That said, if you really want to maximize your yields, then HPS bulbs or lamps should be on the top of your list of grow lights to use.

  1. There is a size that fits your needs

Another great reason why you should go for HPS grow lights is that they are scalable. This means that it comes in all sorts of different shapes and sizes so that you can easily find a smaller or bigger bulb depending on your indoor cannabis operation.

For example, if you are merely a casual grower that cultivates one or a few plants in your own room for your own consumption, you can go for a simple 150W HPS grow light. But if you are operating on a much large scale, the usual size that most growers use are 1000W HPS bulbs.

In other words, HPS lights are so scalable that there will always be the right size for your needs. You do not always have to spend on a large one if your indoor cannabis operation is small. Likewise, there is no reason for you to go for smaller and less effective bulbs especially if you are operating on a much large scale. And, if you find yourself somewhere in the middle, there are also sizes that are right for the type of indoor operation you have.

  1. They are not complicated

The fact of the matter is that there is nothing complicated about using an HPS grow light at all. There is nothing about an HPS grow light that makes it difficult to use and hard to predict. You do not even have look beyond the label because a simple 600W HPS bulb will simply eat up that much electricity without any hidden costs whatsoever.

The brand also does not matter because a 600W bulb from Brand X will not have much of a difference compared to the same 600W bulb from Company Y. You cannot say the same about other lights because CFL and LED bulbs use equivalent ratings as opposed to the actual wattage.

What makes HPS lights uncomplicated is that these lights are just so simple to us that you can merely plug them in to make them work. These lights have been in use for decades already that what they give you already seems too predictable at times. So, if you have a good amount of experience in a 600W HPS grow light, it is possible that you will be able to carry that over if you move to a 1000W bulb.

Overall

HPS bulbs really have a lot of advantages that come in a relatively cheap and affordable price tag. That makes it a great type of grow light to use for any grower regardless if he/she is a beginner or an experienced one. It is a lamp that fits your budget and will yield results that certainly prove it is worth the investment.

HPS grow lights guide

Now that you know the reasons why you should opt using high-pressure sodium grow light for your indoor cannabis operation, here are the things you should consider to maximize your yields and to make sure you get the best out of your HPS lights.

  1. Knowing the right size

The first you need to know is the ideal size of HPS grow light for your cannabis plants. As mentioned, HPS bulbs are scalable and are available in different sorts of sizes that fit small, medium, and big operations. That said, you should choose the size of your HPS grow light depending on how many plants you plan on raising.

The importance of knowing the right size of HPS grow lights to use cannot be overstated because costs also play a factor. For all intents and purposes, you may use a larger bulb for a relatively small number of cannabis plants but you will only end up using more electricity than necessary. In the end, your costs will turn out to be bigger than your returns.

Knowing how much a certain size of HPS bulb costs per month and how many plants it can potentially provide enough heat for is essential. For example, a 250W HPS grow light can potentially cost about $70 a month on electricity alone and can be used for as much as 2 oz of cannabis. Of course, bulbs with higher watts will cost more on a monthly basis but will be able to provide heat to more plants.

If you are merely growing cannabis plants as a hobby or for your own personal consumption, you might not want to go over 600W because the upkeep will become too expensive for you. But, if you are in the business of earning a profit out of growing marijuana on a larger scale, you might want to look for 1000W HPS bulbs.

  1. Distance from plants

HPS grow lights produce a lot of heat. Because of that, knowing the proper distance between the lights and the plants is important for you to avoid giving your cannabis light burn. In some cases, putting them too close to the lamp might even actually burn them.

Because different HPS bulb sizes emit varying amounts of heat (the bigger, the hotter), the distance between them and the plants will vary. The best test to use to tell how far the lamps should be from the plants is to use your hand. Place your hand just on top of your plant and with your palm facing the light for a few seconds. If the light feels hot for your hand, then the most probable outcome is that it will also be too hot for your plants.

But, if you do not always have time to use the hand test, we actually have a guide for you to use. For 150W bulbs, the most optimal distance is about 10 inches. As you move up in size, add at least 2 inches to the distance between the bulb and the plants. For example, a 250W bulb should be about a foot away from the plants while a 1000W bulb needs to be almost two feet away from your cannabis.

Knowing the proper distance ensures that your cannabis plants get the right amount of light or heat while making sure that they do not get light burn. At the same time, you also do not want your plants to be too far away from the light or else they will not get the optimal amount of nutrients they need from the bulbs.

  1. Exhausting the heat

As mentioned, high-pressure sodium grow lights produce a lot of heat especially if you use larger ones and if you have an operation that is quite large. And because you are most likely grow your cannabis plants in an enclosed space with not a lot of windows, the room will tend to get too warm and heat. In worse cases, the increased room temperature might become detrimental for your cannabis’ growth and health.

To make sure the room does not get too hot, it is important for you to set up an exhaust system that ventilates the heat out of the room and through a window in as quick and efficient a manner as possible. The reason as to why the heat needs to be ventilated out quickly is that exhausts are less efficient when the air has to travel further because it will disperse through the room before it even goes out the window.

The best way for you to ensure that your exhaust functions as efficiently as possible, you might want to invest on a strong exhaust fan that can immediately pull the heat out of the grow space. You might also want to use smaller fans that can blow air above and below the plants to make sure that there are no spots that tend to be hotter than others.

Of course, the stronger your grow lights are, the stronger your fan should be. The size of your exhaust fans should be directly proportional to the size of your HPS bulbs. For example, a 250W bulb needs a fan that has a CFM (cubic feet per minute) of at least 80. Likewise, if you are using a 1000W bulb, it needs a stronger fan that has a CFM of at most 336.

Knowing the right exhaust fan to use is also very important because you do not want to use a fan that cannot ventilate heat efficiently. At the same time, using a fan that is too strong for your HPS grow lights might end up exhausting too much heat that it deprives your cannabis plants. However, the grow space climate also needs to be taken into consideration. If you live in a particularly cool place, then you might want to use a fan with a lower CFM than suggested.
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High-pressure sodium grow lights are effective and efficient tools for any cannabis grower out there whether they are cultivating the plants on a large scale or on a hobbyist level only. This is because these versatile lights are cost-effective and easy enough to use for anyone looking to make cultivating cannabis plants a part of their daily life. That said, there is no wondering why HPS grow lights are still widely used today even as technology has come up with new alternatives.

Marijuana Light Schedules: Vegetative Phase VS Flowering Phase

Marijuana plants will grow bigger and bigger as days pass, and will eventually begin developing buds if you grant them longer nights. Marijuana plant is characterized as photoperiod. This means that the quantity of light that they penetrate each day determines when the plant begins creating buds or flowering. This article will explain how much quantity of light needed a day your marijuana plants require to flourish and begin budding, for you to have a fulfilling harvest season.

  1. Vegetative Stage – Seeds or clone directs to the vegetative stage
  • Give the plants at least eighteen to twenty-four hours of light for day
  1. Flowering Stage – Budding phase directs to harvest
  • Give the plants twelve hours of light, the rest twelve hours for dark, each day

Seeds or Clone

Although it is not methodologically a “stage”, all types of marijuana growing begin with either seedlings or clones.

Growing Indoor

Simply plant the seedlings or clones whenever you feel you are all set for growing!

Growing Outdoor

Numbers of outdoor growers begin their growing indoors to provide them a favorable beginning prior planting outdoor.

If you are planting Cannabis Seeds outdoors, you must let it stay for few weeks following the spring equinox to finally plant the seedlings outside.

Growers who prefer to use clones for growing, overall you should let it stay for few more weeks, longer than seeds. Marijuana clones are more inclined to flowering sooner than the seedlings.

If you are residing in a place with cold weather, you must also wait for the right time, ideally succeeding the last frost, prior putting the plants outdoor. A very cold temperature can potentially harm your plants and can even kill them. The choice of your strain is very significant. There are types of strains which start to flower sooner than other kinds of strains. For growing outdoor under cold climate, it is necessary to ensure you flourish a strain which is compatible with the local climate, in order for the plants to be prepared for the harvest before the temperatures decline.

Basically, the objective of growing marijuana plants is to acquire a huge yield when the time for harvest arrives. Whether you choose to plant indoor or outdoor, the lighting is one fundamental factor of your plant growth. The light penetrated by the plant throughout the whole lifecycle will make an amazing effect on how much marijuana they generate.

Marijuana growth is comprised of two main cycles. These cycles are named as the following: vegetative stage (this is the stage where the plants are flourishing), and flowering stage (this is the stage when the plants generate buds or flowers).

Vegetative Phase

Your marijuana plants will have to undergo several life stages. Vegetative stage, in particular, is one of the significant parts in your plant’s life cycle.

Vegetative phase is the stage of growing of your plant. During the vegetative phase, the marijuana plants would grow taller and bigger, growing only the leaves and the stems. Being a marijuana grower, you have the capability of controlling the shape and dimension of your marijuana plants by implementing certain training strategies.

Having the capacity off controlling the light schedule of the plant have become possible to acquire more promising yields the moment harvest time comes. While the plants are in the stage of vegetation, the more quantity of light is received by the plants, the larger they grow.

During the whole vegetative phase, your plants will totally not generate buds. You will only see them growing their leaves and stems. While in the vegetative phase, the plants would likely to grow rapidly, particularly if the conditions are best.

What puts marijuana in the stage of vegetation?

Short nights will hold the marijuana plants in the stage of vegetation. You can actually hold your plant in the stage of vegetation for practically perpetual provided that the plants endure in getting short nights (briefer than 1 second- twelve hours, counting on the type of strain). Further, marijuana plant will hang in the vegetative phase provided that the plants receives short nights, that is lower than 11-12 hours each day for dark).

Regardless if you are growing outdoors or indoors, you have to be certain that your plants attain at least thirteen hours of daily light to hold in the vegetative phase. Once the marijuana plants attain a number of few extended nights, it can begin budding before you even like it.

Marijuana plant can penetrate light of as much as twenty hours daily during the vegetative phase. A lot of indoor growers practice 18-24 hours of light daily (recognized as 18-6 or 24-0 light schedules) while in the stage of vegetation to promote rapid vegetative growth.

Do not like to be troubled with light schedules?

For marijuana growers who do not want to go through the trouble of light scheduling, you have an option of auto-flowering strains of marijuana, that will immediately go through their entire life in around three months regardless of light schedule being given. For certain growers, these auto-flowering strains can be a lot simpler compared to the conventional type of strain.

Indoors

Many indoor growers give 18-24 hours of daily light. Providing your marijuana plants greater number of hours of daily light during the flowering phase will promote rapid growth.

Outdoors

Provided that your plants are receiving larger amount of light each day, the plant will immediately halt in the vegetative phase from late spring up to the late summer. Each strain is quiet unique.

Flowering Phase

Your marijuana plants will begin budding if they get a minimum of twelve hours of unbroken darkness every night. After the plants begin budding, they should persist to achieve prolonged dark nights just before harvests or they can turn back to the phase of vegetation.

Indoor

In growing indoor, many growers place their marijuana plants in a schedule that is 12-12 to institute flowering. When outdoor, the plant will commonly begin budding during late summer as the nights are turning longer and longer as winter advances. You just have to see to it that the plants are not revealed to the light while in their dark duration.

The essence to flourishing marijuana indoor is imitating what exists in the nature. If grown from outdoor, marijuana begins to generate flowers the moment the days starts to turn shorter and they acquire a minimum of 12 hours for dark. Everything that is needed to be done is to shift the light schedule from the 18-24 hours of light daily to 12 hours of light for day and another 12 hours for dark.

Understanding 12-12 Lighting

Indoor growers will have to synthetically activate flowering or budding in marijuana plants by modifying the schedule of light in order for the plant to get 12 hours of day light, and another 12 hours of unbroken darkness.

The moment that plant has changed over to the light schedule of flowering (12/12), there is overall additional 6 weeks to 5 months before the buds of the plants are available for the harvest.

Outdoors

Outdoor growers will have to stay until the marijuana plants begin instinctively flowering through their own, commonly after the mid-summer when the days begin altering lesser than 12 hours.

It is necessary to guarantee that the plants are not revealed to light during night while in their dark stage, including spotlights or street lights, for this can hinder the marijuana plants from flowering perfectly.

Growing Indoor but not Certain when to Shift to Flowering

Indoor growers have the privilege of deciding when to flower their marijuana plants. But the question is – when is the perfect time to begin flowering your marijuana indoors?

The perfect time for flowering would actually depend on the preference of an individual.  Further, the best time for flowering is also determined depending on what kind of output one is looking for. There are two main concerns when selecting the best time to shift to 12/12, the height of the marijuana plant, and the age of the marijuana plant.

Height: A standard rule says that your marijuana plant can double or even triple its dimension while in the stage of flowering from the mark where you initially alter the schedule of light to 12/12. There are plants that will flourish more, there are some that will flourish less, but an ideal standard rule is that to shift over the schedule of light when the marijuana plants have obtained halved of their ultimate wanted height. Bending, also recognized as “Low Stress Training” or LST, can be utilized to command colas which get immensely tall. Just bend down immensely tall colas and far from the middle of the plant. Certain growers will even break lightly the branches in order to have them bend at an angle of 90 degrees. For growers planting in a limited space, one main concern is the height. Nonetheless, there are various ways on how to grow short.

Under maximum conditions, if the space and height is not a concern, you would basically like to vegetate your marijuana plant within 60 days or even more prior to shifting it over to the stage of flowering. This will grant your marijuana plant a lot of period to grow tall and big, and lets neophyte growers to tune in their desired growth prior for the plants to come in the delicate stage of flowering. During the vegetative period, it is accessible to reclaim from issues, but issues are more complicated during the stage of flowering, where errors can desperately injure your final harvest.

Providing the marijuana plants enough time in the stage of vegetation, and reserving time to prepare them to suit your space, will grant you the perfect final yields. Nevertheless, if the space is limited, then it is more ideal to shift if the plant is halved the ultimate wanted height, or even to try to flower the marijuana plant direct from seedlings.

Age: Number of growers believe that the marijuana plant that has been planted through seedlings shall not generate many buds or have sufficient production of resin if the marijuana plant is not granted a minimum of 60 days during the vegetative period to mature prior it’s shift over to the stage of flowering. There is no truth behind it. A lot of growers introduce flowering early after the germination of the seed so that the plants shall be kept short and small. This is frequently named as “12-12 from seed”. Put in mind, regardless of what you do, an immature marijuana plant shall not begin the stage of flowering until it reaches the age of 2-3 weeks. Regardless if you place a seedling on a 12-12 light schedule from the origin, it will not initiate perfectly budding for around 3 weeks.

If you are growing marijuana plant through a clone, age will not become a concern and growers can directly shift to the stage of flowering the moment the clone has founded roots. This is being explained in such a way that regardless if the clone can be small, the fact still remains that it is a mature plant because it is created from a piece of a mature marijuana plant. Rooted clones are likely to grow rapidly during the first few number of weeks compared to plants that are grown through seedlings. In any situations, age is relatively not a concern, and you must shift the light schedule in a time that will perfectly suit your availability and requirement.

Whether you are up for indoor or outdoor growing, determining the perfect light schedule to follow will assist boosting the yield.

Harvest Time!

Once the vegetative stage and flowering stage are done, your marijuana plants are ready for harvest! Enjoy the fruit of your labor and seize the enticing flavor of your plant! Reap what you have sown and harvest those wonderful buds. You have placed your knowledge, time, and effort for this moment to come. So, now is your time to treat yourself. All those wonderful buds are awaiting for you!

Ultimate Guide to Harvesting Cannabis

Harvesting cannabis in the right way is important. If you’re new to cannabis growing at home, then you should educate yourself first. That’s how you can better ensure your success.

Tools Needed in Harvesting Cannabis

There are some basic tools necessary to harvest your cannabis once the plants are already mature. These are:

  • A magnifying glass, jeweler’s loupe, or a digital microscope
  • A space and technique for hanging your buds
  • A sharp knife or trimming shears
  • Wide-mouth mason jar with cover
  • Hygrometer
  • Temperature, airflow, and humidity equipment

Magnifying Glass

The market is full of various magnifying tools that can help you see things that you can’t with your naked eyes. A magnifying glass will be helpful to know when you should harvest your cannabis plants. However, it is very crucial to use the right one for your needs.

Jeweler’s Loupe

This tool is more suitable for those people with a tight budget. Jeweler’s loupe is quite basic. It doesn’t have anything fancy but will give you the exact details you need. Therefore, you can easily decide when you should harvest your plants. If you want more information and details, then a Jeweler’s Loupe is not the right tool for you.

A Jeweler’s Loupe zooms in to provide your buds a closer look. However, its incredible strength often leads to giving inaccurate results. It makes focusing the tool on the buds somewhat difficult.

Digital Microscope

It’s the priciest of these three options. However, it can easily answer all your questions. Therefore, it will tell you the exact right time for harvesting your cannabis plants. In using one, you need to connect it to your laptop to see and process the gathered details.

When Should You Harvest Cannabis?

You can determine the perfect time for harvesting marijuana in 3 basic ways:

Observe the Pistils

A nearly mature healthy cannabis plant will have white pistils that stick out of the flower. When your plant is ready for harvesting, half of the pistils will be dark and curled back into the flower.

Check the Trichomes

It is where you need a magnifying glass, the jeweler’s loupe or a digital microscope. Point the magnifying tool at the trichomes wrapping your cannabis flower. When trichomes are glassy and clear, don’t try to harvest them. Instead, wait and allow the plant to grow a little more. You can harvest the buds only when the trichomes became cloudy.

Examine the Pistils and Trichomes

Any of those methods mentioned above will help you determine if it’s time to harvest marijuana. However, the result is better if you combine both. At times, trichomes begin to become cloudy while the pistils are still white. Also, there are times when the pistils start to curl while the trichomes are still clear. It is the time when the trichomes and the pistils begin to change, making your plants ready for harvest.

Harvesting Cannabis Based on the Flowering Time

Some cannabis growers choose to use timing to determine the right time for harvesting their plants. It may not be as accurate as a scientific method. However, it is easier to recall. It is also more consistent. If you choose to use timing, then you must do your homework on the seeds you preferred to cultivate.

Aside from your strain choice, the actual growing setting where your plants are can make a big difference in the harvest time. Bear that in mind that when you establish the right time for harvesting your plants.

  • For Indica – people who grow indica or indica-dominant strains normally expect the flowering period of approximately 8 weeks long. Harvesting your plants when September ends are typically the right time for harvest indica plants.
  • For Sativa – sativa or sativa-dominant cannabis plants typically take more time to flower. The longest one is around 3 months or 12 weeks. There are many haze strains that flower in around 9 up to 10 weeks. If you got your Cannabis Seeds online, you should research and gather more information about them to be sure of their flowering time. Generally, sativa and sativa-dominant strains of marijuana are available for harvest at the end of October.
  • For Autoflowering – autoflowering strains take lesser time to flower. That’s because they don’t’ underground life cycle changes depending on the lighting. Turn the timer on when the first seeds poke out on top of the soil. Autoflowering strains are normally ready for harvesting in 10 weeks or less.
  • Whatever kind of marijuana strain you chose to grow, computing the time in advance may not provide you with the right timing to harvest the plants. However, it will give you hints on when you should do it instead of guessing.

How to Harvest Cannabis?

Harvesting is quite easy to do once you know how to get started. Here are the steps to follow:

  • Cut the Plants – you may cut the whole plant off at its stem. You can also cut the branches one by one. The result will be the same regardless of how you do it. This may depend on how you want to hang the buds. However, do not give too much time and though on this step. Just begin cutting.
  • Prune Fan Leaves – prune the fan leaves off your plants. You can also cut the smaller leaves if you want. That is okay. Also, it will never affect the process even if you choose not to cut them. Ultimately, getting rid of the smaller leaves will give you a better and smoother experience. Remember, excessive leaf matter will give your buds a bad quality. Pruning the fan and even the smaller leaves will make the buds look good.
  • Hang the Buds to Dry – you can hang the buds and let them dry in many ways. Find out which one will work for your case. Using hangers and a rod for clothes is the easiest method. Tie or clip the plants upside down using the hangers then keep them on the cloth rod. However, you should dry your marijuana, so keep the temperature at 70 degrees Fahrenheit or 21 degrees Celsius. The humidity level must be 50%.
  • Take the Buds from the Stems – when the buds are already dry, and the smaller stems are now snapping instead of bending, pick the flowers from them. it usually happens between 3 to 7 days.
  • Put the Buds in the Jar – after removing the buds from the plant stems, pack them in your mason jar. Screw on the cover.
  • Start Curing the Buds – throughout the curing phase, store the jar in a dim room while the temperature is in 70 degrees Fahrenheit and the humidity in 60 to 65 percent. The curing time typically lasts around 3 weeks. You must open the mason jar’s cover and allow the buds to breathe for the initial two weeks. Also, you may shake the mason jar gently without removing the lid. Shaking will prevent humidity from accumulating in just one place. Moisture is not good for the buds as it can lead them to rot.
  • Save the Buds for a Long Time – put the mason jar in a dark and cool room and leave it there for several days. You can even put it in the cabinet or closet. If you store them for at least 6 months, vacuum the sealing or keep the jar inside the freezer.

You can now start consuming the buds. Get them all out of the jar, grind it, roll the joint, blunt, then heat it. Take time to enjoy the fruit of your hard work. But, do not forget the future. Sooner, you must have new seeds to plant to have a new batch of buds to harvest.

Harvesting the Buds Outdoors

Harvesting is a crucial phase in the plants’ life. It tends to be the most important phase in some ways. This phase will be successful only if you succeed throughout the growing period.

You will be making a big mistake if you just harvest the buds without making sure that it’s the right time for that. You must understand each season, the sun, your safety, the necessities in the harvest, and what will occur throughout the flowering phase.

For your cannabis plants grown outdoors, you will learn if it’s the right time for harvesting by observing the buds and the leaves. The plants’ physical characteristics will alter considerably.

The bigger leaves will change into a yellow-brown hue that signifies the poor health of your plants. This color means they are dying. The stigmas of fully grown plants wither on the bottom of the buds. Also, the plants will stay white on top, which means they are healthy and happy.

One more thing you need to watch out is the color of the buds. If the buds are already brown, you can start picking them. Their color means they have withered a little and will produce a richer smoke. It will also make them stronger and more delicious.

Also, wait until the resin glands contain more resins. People do not care about the more pungent smoke because they bargain that they experience a more intense psychedelic high.

Should You Harvest Early or Late?

Many cannabis growers wonder if they should harvest early or late. Harvesting the buds is all about finding the right time for doing so. If you harvest too early, you may fail to get the psychedelic effects. harvesting too late is also a bad idea. It can lead your buds to self-pollinating or rotting. Therefore, keeping things balanced is the ultimate key to achieve the greatest harvest.

Early Harvest

If you like to harvest more buds, then you should never attempt to harvest early. However, there are some reasons that make harvesting a little earlier a brilliant idea.

One of these common reasons is to prevent mold and the bugs from infesting your plants. If you are from a place with a not-so-good climate, you should be more careful in taking care of your plant. Bad weather conditions can lead them to rot and diseases that can occur before the harvest time. If you cannot move the plants indoors to protect them from harsh climates, premature cutting will be a good idea.

The rise of other plants that may surround your weed can also kill your harvest goals. It is also a good reason for harvesting earlier. Stealth growing is another thing that forces some growers to harvest early.

Technically, you can begin harvesting the buds when the flowers start to appear. However, the cannabinoid levels are still extremely low until the buds become adequately mature.

As much as you can, don’t opt to premature harvesting. If you harvest the buds only a few days before the right time for doing so, the potential negative effects will be nominal. However, you can’t expect more buds to pick if you harvest early.

Late Harvest

However, late harvest means you let the plants mature too much. Many growers say it is not a good method since it causes the THC levels to drop. Thus, it means those overmatured buds are less effective in relieving any health conditions.

Terpenes tend to be stronger when you harvest late. However, this will mean the buds have lost their delicious aroma and flavor. Harvesting late will induce a more narcotic high instead of the more energetic one.

If your plants are sativa, late harvest may result in the development of those effects that seem like the effects of indica-dominant strains. It doesn’t look a great idea for most cannabis growers. However, some users choose to store a jar of buds for a few more weeks. It makes the buds have higher CBN levels and increased sleep-inducing effects.

Besides, you must be extra careful when you choose to harvest late. Consider the nature of those strains you chose to grow. It is very important because some strains tend to self-pollinate or turn intersex.

If you want more buds in each harvest season, you have no other choice. Just wait for the right time to harvest. When the perfect time comes, extend the waiting period a bit. That’s the best way to get the best return for your time, effort, and money.

Top 10 Gifts You Can Give a Marijuana Grower

Marijuana growers are modern-day heroes because they are advocates and engaged in agriculture at the same time. Recreational users and medical cannabis patients rely on the knowledge and expertise of a marijuana grower. That’s why every cannabis grower deserves a special gift every time. Whether it’s a holiday, birthday, anniversary, or 420 celebration, giving something unique and practical that is suitable for a marijuana grower’s lifestyle, character, and interests is a good idea.

If you’re looking for a perfect gift for a marijuana grower, read further and learn the nicest things to give for a special day. You may have a friend, brother, sister, parents, or special someone who loves growing cannabis. It’s nice to give something unique and useful on their special day. We have compiled the best gifts to give a cannabis grower. Let’s get started!

1. Cannabutter Machine

Cannabis-infused edibles are incomplete without the magical ingredient, cannabutter. Cannabutter is a cannabis-infused butter. It is used just like a regular butter to create cannabis edibles, like brownies and cookies. Like any cannabis fan, a marijuana grower loves trying something new, so giving a butter machine is a good idea.  

A cannabutter machine is like a rice cooker. Surely, making edibles can be as potent as the marijuana grower’s desire. Making edibles is easier and faster with a butter machine. It is a surprising gift for your sister or mom who loves cannabis. This gift will also be a beautiful present for a medical cannabis patient, who prefer to cook cannabis-infused food than smoke a joint or vape.

Here’s how:

  • In a cannabutter machine, add butter and cannabis.
  • After two hours, you can pour the cannabis-infused butter through a strainer.
  • Next, leave it overnight in the fridge to harden.
  • Now, you can use the cannabutter to turn anything into a cannabis edible!

2. Stealth Safe

If you are looking for a fun and functional gift for a cannabis grower, a hidden safe is a good idea. Most cannabis growers want a discreet place to store their cannabis and other valuables. A stealth safe looks like an ordinary safe on the outside but there is a hidden compartment inside where you can hide your stash. A hidden safe is a fantastic gift for your cannabis grower dad or grandfather who wants to collect ganja seeds and memorabilia too.

3. Cannabis Smoke Smell Reduction Device

Don’t expose other people to cannabis scent. Show politeness by using a cannabis smoke smell reduction device, like Smoke Buddy or Sploofys. When you are breathing out marijuana smoke, the unique smell can easily fill up a room. Cannabis growers are usually used to the smell of cannabis, so they are attuned to even a small amount of marijuana smoke even in open and ventilated areas.

Smoke Buddy is a high-quality personal air filter for cannabis and tobacco. It removes second-hand smoke and eliminates pollutants and odor. It has been out in the market since 2008. Check the facts and benefits of a smoke filtering device!

  • Eliminates odor
  • Removes smoke
  • Ideal for home use, car, office, and when traveling.

4. Cannabis Vaporizer

Every marijuana lover should have an herb vaporizer! It is better for the lungs than directly smoking a joint. Cannabis growers don’t only collect the best Cannabis Seeds but also the best vaporizers! It’s best to give a dual-purpose cannabis vaporizer that acts as a dry herb and concentrate vaporizer.

Concentrates are produced through an extraction process to get potent cannabinoids from marijuana. It results in less plant material. Vaporizers are better for medical patients who require higher doses of CBD or THC. A cannabis vaporizer is also perfect for users with a higher tolerance to cannabis, perfect for cannabis users and for those who are looking to have an intense experience.

Here are some important considerations when choosing between a portable vaporizer and a desktop vaporizer:

  • If the cannabis grower is always on-the-go, portable vaporizers are the best. A portable vaporizer can be fit in the palm or kept inside the pocket without issues. It is also less expensive and provides a lower degree of vapor quality as compared to a desktop vaporizer.
  • If your concern is vapor quality, a desktop unit is a better option. It needs an electrical outlet which is more expensive. Desktop vaporizers provide the best cannabis vapor quality when is not an issue.
  • For group vaping, a cannabis grower would love device chambers and bowls, like Herbalizer.
  • A crucial feature of a cannabis vaporizer is the temperature control. It should be accurate to get the most out of marijuana as medicine. Choose a vaporizer where the temperature can be set to the exact desired degree.
  • Popular brands of tabletop vaporizers are Arizer Extreme Q and Volcano vaporizer.

5. Cannabis Cultivation Book

If you’re trying to search for a gift for a novice grower, The Cannabis Grow Bible, is one of the best selling cannabis cultivation book. It contains updated advice and new information for cannabis growers and enthusiasts. Other best sellers include  What a Plant Knows for an expert marijuana grower and Marijuana Grower’s Handbook by Ed Rosenthal, which makes a perfect gift for first-time and advanced growers.

A book is a gift of knowledge. Cannabis growers, whether a newbie or an advanced grower, needs continuous study and training. It is because cannabis plants also have special needs since the environment we live in is drastically changing. We experience climate change, pollution, and other environmental problems that can significantly affect cannabis plants. Here are some cannabis topics you might want to consider when choosing a cannabis cultivation book:

  • New techniques such as pruning and training techniques
  • Latest equipment (e.g., used in hydroponics)
  • Cannabis trends in growing cannabis both for recreational or medical use.
  • DIY marijuana extracts
  • Cannabis edible ideas like cookbook recipes or baked goods

6. Oven Toaster

Aside from having an extraordinarily high, this can also boost your creativity with what is available in the kitchen. Making edibles is quite happy and very fulfilling to do with a durable oven. Bake cookies using an oven toaster, which is a cool and functional gift.

Here are the best features of an oven toaster:

  • Accurate and variable heat settings
  • Spacious enough to make several cannabis cookies

7. Cannabis Magnifier

Surprise a new cannabis grower with a high-quality magnifying glass. For cannabis growers, magnifiers are important because they use it to know exactly the perfect time to harvest resin-rich cannabis buds. A major aspect is inspecting the buds for their glittery trichomes under a reliable magnifier. One of the easiest ways to check the trichomes clearly is using a handheld magnifier. A jeweler’s loupe can be used which is designed to assess jewelry up close. One famous brand is Happy Hydro LED Loupe with 30x and 60x magnifying lens.

We are now in the digital world and it’s a good idea to use digital devices like a cannabis magnifier with a camera. For a technically-inclined cannabis grower, you can give a digital magnifier which gets personal and up close with trichomes. A digital magnifier also allow a cannabis grower to take pictures and videos! One example is the zOrb. It can be hooked up into a laptop to clearly see the trichomes. One brand of digital magnifier is TOPSMA Digital Microscope with 20X to 800X Magnifier Camera. It is an 8-LED Mini Handheld and USB Digital Microscope with a stand for Android, Windows, and Linux.

Here are the best features of a digital magnifier:

  • High-quality electronic components
  • Clear image quality
  • High Resolution
  • Low power consumption
  • Built-in adjustable brightness camera LED lights (to illuminate inspection area)

8. Rope Ratchets

If you have a friend or special someone who hang up lights with chain or rope, giving rope ratchets as a gift is useful and practical. The grow lights can be adjusted up and down easily for the health of cannabis plants. It is also useful for taking pictures. Rope ratchets make a perfect gift or a token of appreciation for a marijuana grower friend or a cannabis enthusiast. It is useful, practical, and reliable.

One brand of rope ratchets is 6 Pairs of 1/- inch Adjustable Heavy-Duty Rope Hanger by VIVOSUN. Here are the upgraded advantages of using VIVOSUN rope ratches:

  • Multipurpose
  • Secure
  • Fully adjustable
  • Fast locking
  • Extreme tear and rust resistant

9. Commercial Ozone Generator

No one likes to walk into a grow room that’s stale and smelly. A commercial ozone generator is a high-end gift which is crucial to keep the air clean and fresh. It is crucial to keep a secure and healthy growing environment for cannabis plants and growers. It is a piece of equipment that your friend can rely for many years on. Surprise your special someone with this high-end gift and see the big smile on his face!

An ozone generator is a thoughtful gift that will surely be appreciated by your cannabis cultivator friend. Buy a trusted and reputable ozone generator, such as the Enerzen Ozone Generator. The best features of Enerzen Ozone Generator include the following:

  • Up to 4,000 square feet space
  • No air filters to clean
  • Remove and replace the purification plate easily
  • Lasts for approximately 6,000 hours
  • Works even in the harshest environmental conditions
  • Highly portable (weighs 5 lbs)
  • Versatile (measures 6.8 x 8 x 5.8 inches)
  • Compact and sleek

10. Carbon Dioxide Monitor and Controller

Cannabis cultivators know how essential it is to monitor and control carbon dioxide levels as well as humidity and temperature. Any disruption to the perfect balance of these environmental factors can be detrimental to the health of cannabis plants. A carbon dioxide monitor and controller can be used in greenhouses, grow rooms, and other locations to maximize growth. It’s a practical gift to give to your cannabis grower friend, spouse, or dad.

It’s probably the best time to upgrade his CO2 controller today! Here are the benefits of a carbon dioxide monitor and controller:

  • You can set your desired carbon dioxide level and the device will monitor the environment, so you can add CO2 as needed.
  • When you reach the target levels, the system will automatically shut off until it is needed again. Choose one with sensors to the turn the unit off whenever it senses darkness, which saves you money and ensures a perfect environment for marijuana plants.

One example of carbon dioxide monitor and controller is the CO2Meter. A CO2 meter is a perfect gift for an extremely focused and conscious cannabis grower in your life. It is equipped with:

  • Less than 2 minutes sensor response time.
  • Easy to read and large LCD display which shows the temperature and CO2 level.
  • Plus or minus 70 ppm accuracy levels.
  • 1,500 square feet maximum coverage area.
  • Energy-saving 110 Volts grounded power that consumes a maximum of 2 Watts

Tips When Choosing a Perfect Gift for a Marijuana Grower

  1. Check price range and compare different brands online.
  2. Read product reviews or comments on major marketplaces and social media platforms to find out the quality of the product you’re planning to give as a gift.
  3. Find out any warranty coverage and return policy to ensure protection if something goes wrong with the purchase or the item itself.
  4. Wait for great deals on holiday, season changes, and weekends.
  5. Check available new customer promotional offers or discounts to get a great deal for bulky or high-volume purchases.
  6. Remind the recipient of the gift to test the item as soon as it is received to ensure that it’s working perfectly fine.
  7. Invest in trusted and reputable brands to ensure high-quality and avoid future problems.
  8. Test electronic devices if possible before wrapping the gift to ensure that the receiver won’t be dismayed because of malfunctions.
  9. Read listing specifications very carefully to ensure that the device, tool, or equipment is suitable for cannabis plants.
  10. Give the gift with a smile on your face and greet the person with pride and confidence. Congratulations! You just made a cannabis grower’s day happy.

Conclusion

When choosing a nice gift for any cannabis grower, it’s practical to give something useful like the ones we mentioned and discussed above. Remember that every cannabis grower aims to have a bigger yield each cropping season, and giving something like an upgraded pH kit, CO2 meter, or a light mounting device is a bright idea. You can always find reasonably priced gifts for your cannabis grower friend or special someone online or physical stores.

Top 10 Computer Games for Marijuana Lovers

Weed can either relax you or make you more focused. Some cannabis strains will make you euphoric, energized and creative while some can make you crawl back to bed with an overpowering need to sleep.

With these varied effects, you can tweak your cannabis use according to your needs. If you need to work the next morning after a long and tiring night of partying, then an energizing strain is the best choice for you.  If you are stressed, anxious about something that’s been bothering you lately, you can switch your mind off and take strains that can relax you.

Stimulating Cannabis Strains are Good with Video Games

What do you need to play, and win, when it comes to computer games? You need focus and a lot of energy to play non-stop. You have to think two steps ahead of your opponent, plan and strategize your every move. The only way to give you the edge in computer games is to forget about your worries for the time being. Just let the game be your reality for now. Only when you can concentrate and you can give your all will you be able to win any kind of game.

Here are the top ten computer games that are perfect for cannabis lovers

1. Mario Kart 4 – Nintendo Wii and Nintendo Switch

Mario Kart 4 is the latest in the title that allows you to play vs the computer or against one, two or more friends in a massive multiplayer platform. Mario Kart is fun, is not too complicated to control and the graphics are oh so cool. The reason why Mario Bros. games will never be out of date no matter what generation plays is the characters are very relatable. Even if you were born in the 80s when Nintendo Family Computers were introduced or you just recently discovered Mario Kart through the switch, you will love to play it over and over again.

Play Mario Kart 4 with energizing strains or balanced strains. You will be able to focus on those sharp turns, get those bonuses and keep up with your friends easily.

2. The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim – Windows, PS 3, PS 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One and Nintendo Switch

Skyrim is the fifth title under The Elder Scrolls series. The game was released in 2011 but till now, it is a winner among cannabis consumers. The plot alone is quite interesting especially if you have followed the series closely.

Your task is to defeat the terrible dragon named Alduin the World-Eater, which has been prophesized to devour the world. You will find yourself 200 years in the past after Oblivion happened in Skyrim. As with most role-playing games of this format, you will be completing tasks and will be responsible for developing your character. It has an open world game design, therefore, you are free to roam inside the game and check out different worlds. It’s like taking a long stroll in a park or forest to help manage your high without leaving your couch.

The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is best played with a balanced strain. This is a strain that will keep you focused but not to the point that you will be in your head the whole time. You will be relaxed and at the same time ready for any dragon or beast that should come your way.

3. Grand Theft Auto – All Gaming Platforms Including Android, Dreamcast, Fire OS, iOS, Windows Phone, and Game Boy Advance

They say driving stoned is safer than driving drunk. But this may not be the case when you are playing Grand Theft Auto. There is a lot of difference when you are racing against the police and all other people who want to see you dead then just driving home from a friend’s house. The Grand Theft Auto game series has reached a level that you can do almost anything you want without ever hurting anyone on the road.

The latest is said to be Grand Theft Auto 6 which is rumored to be released soon. There is news that developers are aiming at a mid-2019 release but till now, there is no news yet of a specific date. All is known is that it will be in all platforms and will still continue to have a controversial and mature adult themed content that gamers have grown to love over the years.

What strain works best with playing GTA? A balanced strain is perfect for playing this driving game. You will be able to better take control of the wheel and of course, strategize better when you are focused and at the same time relaxed.

4. Portal 2 – Microsoft Windows, OS X, Linux, Xbox 360 and PS 3

If you love solving puzzles and you think you are better than everyone else then you must play Portal 2. This is a first-person video game that was released in 2011 and followed the original Portal which was released in 2007. If you were able to survive Portal 1’s daring puzzles, mind-bending gameplay, and unique characters then you will love to check out the second installment.

You will be using different items like tractor beams, paint-like gels, light bridges, and laser beams and this time allowing you to find portals from almost any kind of surface in the game. What makes this game perfect for stoners is that anything is possible. In a world when you are restricted to only one plane, it’s difficult to find your own space. With cannabis, you will be able to discover a completely new world. You will be able to let go of all your inhibitions and thus let your imagination run wild.

What’s perfect when you are playing Portal 2? Consumers recommend a hybrid strain with a relaxing yet focused high. You need to keep up with the speed and the dialogue of the game which is very important to solve your way out of Portal 2.

5. Minecraft – Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux

When Minecraft was released in 2011, everyone fell head over heels in love with the sandbox concept. You can build and rebuild all kinds of things in Minecraft and thus makes you feel like some sort of god. The 3D world of Minecraft was a place that stoners would go to escape reality. Here, they could be kings with their own vast kingdoms. You could be a zookeeper, a forest ranger or anything you wish. The game lets you pick from different modes including exploration, crafting, gathering resources and combat.

In the survival mode, you can play against different players. You compete to acquire different resources to build your own world. The adventure mode lets you roam freely using maps and with the spectator mode, you can move around freely but you are not allowed to make any changes in the setting.

Use a cannabis strain that can boost your creativity and use the Java version. This allows you to create your own mods and your own items and anything you want in Minecraft. The latest Minecraft is the Story Mode released in 2118 where you get to play a point-and-click adventure game.

6. The Legend of Zelda – Nintendo

The Legend of Zelda is an adventure game that can only be played under the Nintendo platform. It is a part of this list because it is exciting to play and will take you to different adventures as you ride your high.

For anyone who has never played a single The Legend of Zelda game before the plot revolves around Link, a character that has elf-like characteristics. He is always on the move, looking for ways to save Princess Zelda as well as the entire kingdom of Hyrule from the hands of Ganon.

The latest installment in The Legend of Zelda is Breath of the Wild which continues the story of Link as he battles Calamity Ganon to prevent the destruction of Hyrule.

Zelda is perfect even for the beginner stoner. It offers an adventure that you won’t find anywhere. With the ideal strain, you will be more focused and relaxed to play even when you are playing against people online.

7. Monument Valley – iOS, Android and Windows Phone

If you’ve played Monument Valley before then you will understand why this puzzle game is widely popular among stoners. The game theme is minimalistic with a Japanese visual style that will help you concentrate on the game more.

In Monument Valley, you will be playing as Princess Ida, a cute face-less character that moves through mazes of impossible optical illusions and puzzles. As you move through the game, you will see that it is set in isometric view. You will need to move through the puzzles and mazes carefully to find hidden portals that will hopefully take you to the game’s exit.

Cannabis consumers who have played Monument Valley before swear that they need weed to expand their imagination. They compared their moves with weed and without weed and revealed that they were able to think faster and with more accuracy when they were quite high.

8. Diablo 3 Reaper of Souls –  Microsoft Windows, macOS, Nintendo Switch, PS3, PS4, Xbox 360 and Xbox One

Continue the task of Tyrael as he retrieves the Black Soulstone. This stone contains all the seven evils which should never be left in the hands of mortals. Your task in Diablo 3 is to protect the world from these evils.

If you have never played Diablo before then you might become too overwhelmed with the dark plot. Like a fine potent weed, you need to take moderate doses of this game so you won’t feel too constricted. Diablo 3 is a game that will let you play with all your might. It will expand your mind and keep you playing more and more till your quest is over.

9. Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock – PS2, PS3, Wii, Xbox 360, Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X

No doubt that Guitar Hero III is a fantastic bake and plays the game and should be part of this list! Aside from feeling like a total rockstar, you will get to challenge other players to beat your all-time record score.

You will need to hit notes as the screen moves in time with the tune or music that you are playing. Maintain a good score for successive moves and you get bonuses along the way. Stoners agree that the best way to get more out of your game is to use a dedicated guitar controller instead of using a standard controller. What’s great about this latest version is you get avatars of the band including the character that you selected. There are 13 characters to choose from and you can also customize these with unique skins, outfits and more.

What type of strain that will work best with Guitar Hero III? Definitely, an energetic strain because you won’t just be sitting and playing this game; you will be standing, jamming and even dancing to the music.

10. World of Warcraft: Battle for Azeroth – Microsoft Windows and macOS

This is the latest expansion in the World of Warcraft series and in this game, you will be able to get more levels compared to Legion. You will be able to check out ten dungeons and four allied races with increased character slots as well.

Battle of Azeroth promises gameplay like no other. You will be thirsty for more adventure as you move tirelessly from one area of the game to another. What’s the best strain to take on wizards and beasts in World of Warcraft?  People who have played WOW before agree that a relaxing strain is best for this game. You need to focus and should not be too eager to proceed from one place to another. You need to rethink your actions and to wield alliances for the better. An energetic potent strain will only ruin your chances of exploring every part of the game thoroughly.

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